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11

Peaceful Dove

(Geopelia placida [striata])
Alternate name(s): "Ground-dove", "Doo-doo", "Zebra Dove"
Size: 20-24 cm
Weight: 55 g (average)

Similar species

Description     Classification     Distribution     Sightings     Photos     Breeding     Nest     Eggs     Behaviour     Food     Call/s

Physical description

Click here for a physical description

Taxonomy, classification

See Peaceful Dove at Wikipedia .

Range, habitat, finding this species

Click here for information on habitat and range

Sightings

Click here for sighting information

Photos

Race "placida"

ADULT

MALE

Male Peaceful Dove trying to impress a female; the difference between male and female is usually easiest determined by behaviour, rather than appearance
[Eulah Creek, NSW, March 2013]

FEMALE

Frontal view of a pair of Peaceful Doves; the male is seen on the left, the female on the right
[Eulah Creek, NSW, March 2011]

As other doves and pigeons, Peaceful Doves are visibly affectionate with their partners; here is him (left) moving up to her (right)
[Eulah Creek, NSW, March 2013]

Frontal view of a Peaceful Dove resting on a low branch
[Maules Creek, NSW, July 2011]

Close-up near-frontal view of Peaceful Dove temporarily dazed by a run-in with a window pane
[Eulah Creek, NSW, February 2014]

Near-frontal view of Peaceful Dove on the ground
[Eulah Creek, NSW, March 2011]

Near-lateral view of a Peaceful Dove (photo courtesy of R. Druce)

Lateral view of a Peaceful Dove perched low near a waterhole
[Deriah Aboriginal Area, NSW, March 2009]

Lateral view of a Peaceful Dove on red soil (photo courtesy of J. Greaves)
[Broome, WA, April 2015]

Peaceful Dove looking at the photographer
[Eulah Creek, NSW, April 2012]

Close-up lateral view of a Peaceful Dove
[Eulah Creek, NSW, April 2012]

Lateral view of a Peaceful Dove foraging on the ground
[Eulah Creek, NSW, March 2011]

Lateral view of a Peaceful Dove
[Maules Creek, NSW, July 2011]

Dorsal view of a Peaceful Dove (photo courtesy of R. Druce)

Dorsal view of a Peaceful Dove that has just been preening
[Maules Creek, NSW, July 2011]

While resting on our lawn, Peaceful Doves can be hard to spot (to set the scale: the green thing in the background is a 12-mm garden hose)
[Eulah Creek, NSW, April 2012]

Peaceful Dove resting in a tree
[September 2011]

Peaceful Dove drinking from a rock pool in a creek bed
[Mt. Kaputar NP, NSW, April 2013]

"Mystery dove" - Peaceful Doves are swift fliers and hard to catch on camera while in the air (photo courtesy of R. Druce)

Size comparison between a Peaceful Dove and a Crested Pigeon
[Eulah Creek, NSW, June 2012]

IMMATURE/JUVENILE

Lateral view of a foraging immature Peaceful Dove; note the dark overall appearance, the extensive barring on the chest and the absence of pink from the belly
[Eulah Creek, NSW, Mary 2014]

Fledgling Peaceful Doves
[Eulah Creek, NSW, January 2008]

Breeding information

Breeding season: Sep - Feb Eggs: 2 Incubation period: 15 - 17 days Fledging age: ca. 12 days

Depending on geographic latitude and weather conditions, Peaceful Doves can breed at any time of the year. In the south-eastern part of the Australian continent they breed primarily from September to February, in the tropical north from April to August. Like most other doves and pigeons, they can have more than one clutch per year.

Nest building: Female & male Incubation: Female & male Dependent care: Female & male

Nest

"bungobittah", "malunna" = nest [Aboriginal]

Type: Shallow basket Material: Sticks, twigs Height above ground: 1 - 10 m

Peaceful Doves on their nest, which was found in a depression on a major branch of a dead tree protruding over a dirt road
[Near Pine Creek, NT, August 2014]

Peaceful Dove nest in the fork of a major branch in a Cypress pine tree
[Bullawa Creek SCA, 15 km East of Narrabri, NSW, November 2014]

Pair of Peaceful Doves at their nest; the female is incubating, with the male in attendance (on the right)
[Eulah Creek, NSW, October 2014]

Close-up look at mum Peaceful Dove at work
[Eulah Creek, NSW, October 2014]

In the following days this developed into the female's favourite sitting position (facing the other way)
[Eulah Creek, NSW, October 2014]

Peaceful Dove nest with a single egg low in a decorative palm tree
[Eulah Creek, NSW, October 2014]

Peaceful Dove nest with a two bald, blind hatchings inside
[Eulah Creek, NSW, October 2014]

At 8 days old, the Peaceful Dove chicks look well-developed (one is hiding under mum's wing)
[Eulah Creek, NSW, October 2014]

At 10 days old, when mum took a comfort break, we finally got a chance to see both little rascals - two Peaceful Dove chicks; both fledged two days later, aged 12 days
[Eulah Creek, NSW, October 2014]

Apparently having decided that this was good fun, the same pair of Peaceful Doves had another go at it 40 days after laying the first egg of the first brood, but the second brood failed.

Same palm tree, presumably same pair of Peaceful Doves, one year later
[Eulah Creek, NSW, October 2015]

Eggs

"boyanga", "booyanga", "derinya", "dirandil", "koomura", "ngampu", "nooluk", "pateena" = Egg; "dirundirri" = eggs [Aboriginal]; "gawu" = eggs [gamilaraay]

Size: 21 x 17 mm Colour: White Shape: Oval

Seen from this side the Peaceful Dove egg still looks almost round; it has a very small axial ratio of 1.235
[Eulah Creek, NSW, October 2014]

The photos above of the Peaceful Dove egg were taken with a flash; this shot gives a better impression of the true light conditions
[Eulah Creek, NSW, October 2014]

A day later there were two Peaceful Dove eggs in the nest
[Eulah Creek, NSW, October 2014]

Same palm tree, presumably same pair of Peaceful Doves, different nest, one year later - again there are two eggs
[Eulah Creek, NSW, October 2015]

Second attempt in the 2015/16 breeding season, now in a bottlebrush tree - again there are two eggs in the nest
[Eulah Creek, NSW, January 2016]

Behaviour

Social behaviour: Communal Mobility: Dispersive Elementary unit: Pair/covey

Being seedeaters, Peaceful Doves are often found foraging on the ground in groups. Astonishingly, they sometimes also rest on the ground, in open, exposed areas.

Below a pair seen taking a sunbath, one lifting a wing at the same time, reminiscent of the way chickens use their wings to cool their bodies by means of evaporating moisture under their wings. However, the birds in the photo below were seen on a relatively cool (27-28 C) day.

Peaceful Doves taking a sunbath, one lifting a wing exposing the underside to sunlight
[Eulah Creek, NSW, January 2008]

Dorsal view of a Peaceful Dove resting in exposed grassland
[Eulah Creek, NSW, March 2013]

We have noticed that in the tropical North of the Australian continent Peaceful Doves hang out a lot more with Bar-shouldered Doves (race "inexpectata") than in the SE of the continent.

Peaceful Doves foraging together with Bar-shouldered Doves
[Darwin, NT, August 2014]

Food, Diet

Adults: Seeds Dependents: Regurgitated seeds Water intake: Daily

All pigeons and doves are strictly vegetarian. Peaceful Doves are seed-eaters.

Peaceful Dove foraging in grass
[Eulah Creek, NSW, March 2011]

This male Diamond Dove and female Peaceful Dove were observed foraging together in grassland
[Eulah Creek, NSW, March 2013]

Like other species of doves and pigeons, Peaceful Dove seem to be able to find seeds in the most unlikely places
[Eulah Creek, NSW, March 2014]

Peaceful Dove coming in for a drink from a puddle
[Deriah Aboriginal Area, NSW, 2007]

Call(s)/Song

For this species we have recorded the following call(s)/song. The interpretation of their meaning is our own; comments and suggestions for improvement are welcome.

pcedove_20140816.mp3 placida
(Darwin, NT)
Contact call (quick) © MD
pcedove_20140818.mp3 placida
(Darwin, NT)
Contact call (slow) © MD
pcedove_20150119_2.mp3 placida
(NW NSW)
Contact calls © MD
pcedove_20150119_4.mp3 placida
(NW NSW)
Contact calls © MD
pcedove_20140109_5.mp3 placida
(NW NSW)
Wooing calls © MD
pcedove_20140427_2.mp3 placida
(NW NSW)
? (male) © MD
pcedove_20150120.mp3 placida
(NW NSW)
? (male) © MD

These pages are largely based on our own observations and those of our contributors. The structure of these bird pages is explained HERE. For more salient facts on any bird species please refer to a field guide.

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