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24

Spanish Sparrow

(Passer hispaniolensis)
Alternate name(s): "Willow Sparrow"
German name(s): "Spanischer Sperling"

Size: 15-16 cm; wing span: 21-22.5 cm
Weight: 22-36 g

Similar species

Description     Classification     Distribution     Sightings     Photos     Breeding     Nest     Eggs     Behaviour     Food     Call/s

Physical description

Click here for a physical description

Taxonomy, classification

See Spanish Sparrow at Wikipedia .

NB: The name of the family of sparrows, "Passer", is used in the definition of passerine vs. non-passerine birds.

Range, habitat, finding this species

Click here for information on habitat and range

Sightings

Click here for sighting information

Photos

Race "hispaniolensis"

ADULT

MALE

BREEDING

Frontal view of a male Spanish Sparrow in breeding plumage (photo courtesy of D. Wilczynska)
[March 2017]

Frontal view of a male Spanish Sparrow in breeding plumage; note the particularly large black bib and lateral streaking (photo courtesy of D. Wilczynska)
[Pula, south-western Sardinia, Italy, June 2016]

Near-frontal view of a male Spanish Sparrow in breeding plumage (photo courtesy of D. Wilczynska)
[March 2017]

Lateral view of a male Spanish Sparrow in breeding plumage (photo courtesy of D. Wilczynska)
[Bari Sardo, eastern Sardinia, Italy, June 2016]

Lateral view of a male Spanish Sparrow in breeding plumage (photo courtesy of D. Wilczynska)
[Pula, south-western Sardinia, Italy, June 2016]

Dorsal view of a male Spanish Sparrow in breeding plumage (photo courtesy of D. Wilczynska)
[March 2017]

FEMALE

Near-lateral view of a female Spanish Sparrow (photo courtesy of D. Wilczynska)
[Posada Nu, eastern Sardinia, Italy, June 2016]

Lateral view of a female Spanish Sparrow (photo courtesy of D. Wilczynska)
[Posada Nu, eastern Sardinia, Italy, June 2016]

IMMATURE/JUVENILE

Frontal view of a juvenile Spanish Sparrow; note the short, tapered tail (photo courtesy of D. Wilczynska)
[San Giovanni di Sinis Or, southern Sardinia, Italy, June 2016]

Breeding information

Breeding season: Mar(?) - ? Eggs: 3 - 8 Incubation period: ca. 12 days Fledging age: ca. 14 days

Spanish Sparrows are highly gregarious colonial nesters. Breeding colonies can be as large as hundreds of thousands of birds.

The breeding season depends on geographical latitude and climatic conditions.

Nest

Type: (Domed) basket, hollow Material: Twigs, roots, grass, leaves, feathers Height above ground: ?

Male Spanish Sparrow in breeding plumage collecting nesting material (photo courtesy of D. Wilczynska)
[March 2017]

Male Spanish Sparrow in breeding plumage marking its territory from the entrance to its nesting hollow; this is the bird whose calls were recorded on 15 March 2017 (photo courtesy of D. Wilczynska)
[March 2017]

Male Spanish Sparrow in breeding plumage bringing food for its chicks (photo courtesy of D. Wilczynska)
[Sardinia, Italy, June 2016]

Female Spanish Sparrow at the entrance of its nest, inside a disused chimney (photo courtesy of D. Wilczynska)
[Sardinia, Italy, June 2016]

Eggs

Size: 21 x 15 mm Colour: White, with light- to mid-grey speckles Shape: Tapered oval

Behaviour

Spanish Sparrows are very sociable birds and are often found in - possibly very large - flocks.

Food, Diet

Spanish Sparrows are omnivores, with a preference for grain and insects. During the breeding season an ample supply of insects is required for feeding the young, but also for the females to build up energy.

Call(s)/Song

For this species we have recorded the following call(s)/song. The interpretation of their meaning is our own; comments and suggestions for improvement are welcome.

spnspar_dw_20170315.mp3 hispaniolensis
(Canary Islands)
Territorial calls(?); male © DW

These pages are largely based on our own observations and those of our contributors. The structure of these bird pages is explained HERE. For more salient facts on any bird species please refer to a field guide.

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