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1

Stubble Quail

(Coturnix pectoralis)
Aboriginal name(s): "baraberi" (WA)
Size: 17-20 cm
Weight: 85-125 g

Similar species

Description     Classification     Distribution     Sightings     Photos     Breeding     Nest     Eggs     Behaviour     Food     Call/s

Physical description

Click here for a physical description

Taxonomy, classification

See Stubble Quail at Wikipedia .

Click here for classification information

Range, habitat, finding this species

Click here for information on habitat and range

Sightings

Click here for sighting information

Photos

ADULT

MALE

Dorsal view of a male Stubble Quail (photo courtesy of R. Plumtree)
[Ensay South, East Gippsland, VIC, November 2014]

FEMALE

Lateral view of a female Stubble Quail (photo courtesy of B. Hensen)
[Oolambeyan NP, NSW, October 2012]

Lateral view of a female Stubble Quail (photo courtesy of B. Hensen)
[Oolambeyan NP, NSW, October 2012]

IMMATURE/JUVENILE

Dorsal view of a juvenile Stubble Quail (photo courtesy of R. Plumtree)
[Buchan Ensay Road, Ensay East, East Gippsland, VIC, December 2014]

Breeding information

Breeding season: Oct - Feb Eggs: 4 - 12 Incubation period: 21 days Fledging age: precocial

The period listed in the table above is a core breeding period for Stubble Quail. Depending on geographical latitude and conditions, Stubble Quails can in principle breed any time of the year, with up to several broods per season.

Quail vs. Button-quail

Although the two genera of the true quails, Coturnix, and the button-quails, Turnix, are outwardly very similar, and therefore often listed together, there are significant differences between them (which is the reason why they are in different family groups here).

Coturnix Turnix
Similar species Chicken-like Wader-like
Toes 4 toes, one of which points backward 3 toes, all of which point forward
Nesting habits Communal Non-communal
Main incubator Female Male
Incubation period ca. 21 days ca. 14 days
No. of eggs 8-12 ≤ 4

Nest building: ? Incubation: Female Dependent care: Female & male

Male Stubble Quail looking at the photographer; the chick is just a few days old (photo courtesy of R. Plumtree)
[Ensay South, East Gippsland, VIC, November 2014]

Dad Stubble Quail was accidentally disturbed in the process of hay-making while underway with at least four chicks (photo courtesy of R. Plumtree)
[Ensay South, East Gippsland, VIC, November 2014]

Here one Stubble Quail chick appears to be climbing onto dad's back (photo courtesy of R. Plumtree)
[Ensay South, East Gippsland, VIC, November 2014]

Nest

"bungobittah", "malunna" = nest [Aboriginal]

Type: Scrape Material: Grass lining Height above ground: N/A

Eggs

"boyanga", "booyanga", "derinya", "dirandil", "koomura", "ngampu", "nooluk", "pateena" = Egg; "dirundirri" = eggs [Aboriginal]; "gawu" = eggs [gamilaraay]

Size: 29 x 22 mm Colour: Light-brown, with dark-brown speckles Shape: Tapered oval

Behaviour

As opposed to, e.g., Brown Quails, we usually observe Stubble Quails on their own or in pairs.

Call(s)/Song

For this species we have recorded the following call(s)/song. The interpretation of their meaning is our own; comments and suggestions for improvement are welcome.

We will try to replace these bad recordings with better ones as soon as possible.

stquail_20140303.mp3 (NW NSW) Contact call (male) © MD
stquail_20140303_2.mp3 (NW NSW) Contact call (male) © MD
stquail_20150405_2.mp3 (NW NSW) Contact calls (male) © MD
stquail_20150405_1.mp3 (NW NSW) Contact calls (male) © MD
stquail_20150417.mp3 (NW NSW) Contact calls Q&A (males) © MD
stquail_20150417_2.mp3 (NW NSW) Contact calls Q&A (males) © MD
stquail_20160212.mp3 (NW NSW) Various © MD

These pages are largely based on our own observations and those of our contributors. The structure of these bird pages is explained HERE. For more salient facts on any bird species please refer to a field guide.

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If interested, please CLICK HERE. Credits to contributors are given HERE.