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12

Golden-shouldered Parrot

(Psephotus chrysopterygius)
Alternate name(s): "Golden-winged Parrot", "Ant-bed Parrot", "Ant-hill Parrot"
Aboriginal name(s): "alwal" [Olkola]

Size: 23-28 cm
Weight: 54-56 g

Similar
species

Description     Classification     Distribution     Sightings     Photos     Breeding     Nest     Eggs     Behaviour     Food     Call/s

Physical description

Click here for a physical description

Taxonomy, classification

See Golden-shouldered Parrot at Wikipedia .

Range, habitat, finding this species

Click here for information on habitat and range

Sightings

Click here for sighting information

Photos

ADULT

MALE

Frontal view of a male Golden-shouldered Parrot (photo courtesy of M. Eaton)
[Artemis Station, near Musgrave, Cape York peninsula, QLD, August 2019]

Near-frontal/ventral view of a male Golden-shouldered Parrot (photo courtesy of M. Eaton)
[Artemis Station, near Musgrave, Cape York peninsula, QLD, August 2019]

Near-lateral view of a male Golden-shouldered Parrot looking towards the observer (photo courtesy of M. Eaton)
[Artemis Station, near Musgrave, Cape York peninsula, QLD, August 2019]

Near-lateral/ventral view of a male Golden-shouldered Parrot (photo courtesy of J. Boettcher, FNQ Nature Tours)
[Artemis Station, near Musgrave, Cape York peninsula, QLD, September 2020]

Lateral/ventral view of a male Golden-shouldered Parrot (photo courtesy of M. Eaton)
[Artemis Station, near Musgrave, Cape York peninsula, QLD, August 2019]

Lateral view of a male Golden-shouldered Parrot looking backwards (photo courtesy of M. Eaton)
[Artemis Station, near Musgrave, Cape York peninsula, QLD, August 2019]

Lateral view of a male Golden-shouldered Parrot (photo courtesy of M. Eaton)
[Artemis Station, near Musgrave, Cape York peninsula, QLD, August 2019]

Near-dorsal/ventral view of a male Golden-shouldered Parrot (photo courtesy of M. Eaton)
[Artemis Station, near Musgrave, Cape York peninsula, QLD, August 2019]

FEMALE

Near-lateral view of a female Golden-shouldered Parrot (photo courtesy of M. Eaton)
[Artemis Station, near Musgrave, Cape York peninsula, QLD, August 2019]

Near-lateral/ventral view of a female Golden-shouldered Parrot (photo courtesy of M. Eaton)
[Artemis Station, near Musgrave, Cape York peninsula, QLD, August 2019]

Near-dorsal view of a female Golden-shouldered Parrot (photo courtesy of M. Eaton)
[Artemis Station, near Musgrave, Cape York peninsula, QLD, August 2019]

PAIR

Dorsal/ventral view of a pair of Golden-shouldered Parrots, male on the left
(photo courtesy of J. Boettcher, FNQ Nature Tours)
[Artemis Station, near Musgrave, Cape York peninsula, QLD, September 2020]

IMMATURE/JUVENILE

Near-frontal view of an immature male Golden-shouldered Parrot (photo courtesy of M. Eaton)
[Artemis Station, near Musgrave, Cape York peninsula, QLD, August 2019]

Lateral view of an immature male Golden-shouldered Parrot (photo courtesy of M. Eaton)
[Artemis Station, near Musgrave, Cape York peninsula, QLD, August 2019]

Lateral/ventral view of an immature male Golden-shouldered Parrot (photo courtesy of M. Eaton)
[Artemis Station, near Musgrave, Cape York peninsula, QLD, August 2019]

Breeding information

Breeding season: Mar - Jun Eggs: 4 - 5 Incubation period: 18 - 20 days Fledging age: 28 - 35 days

In good years, Golden-shouldered Parrots may try to have a second brood in the timeframe Aug-Nov.

Nest building: ? Incubation: Female Dependent care: Female & male

Nest

"bungobittah", "lar", "malunna", "jindi" [bundjalung] = nest [Aboriginal]

Type: Tree hollow Material: N/A Height above ground: 1 - 2 m

Overview of a Golden-shouldered Parrot nest in a spire-shaped termite mound (photo courtesy of M. Eaton)
[Artemis Station, near Musgrave, Cape York peninsula, QLD, June 2024]

View of one of five near-fledging age Golden-shouldered Parrot nestlings at the nest entrance (photo courtesy of M. Eaton)
[Artemis Station, near Musgrave, Cape York peninsula, QLD, June 2024]

Eggs

"boyanga", "booyanga", "derinya", "dirandil", "koomura", "mirk", "ngampu", "nooluk", "pateena", "pum-pum" = Egg; "dirundirri" = eggs [Aboriginal]; "gawu" = eggs [gamilaraay]

Size: 22 x 19 mm Colour: White Shape: Rounded

Call(s)/Song

For this species we have recorded the following call(s)/song. The interpretation of their meaning is our own; comments and suggestions for improvement are welcome.

goshpar_me_20240611.m4a (N QLD) Contact calls? (female) © ME
goshpar_me_20240611_2.m4a (N QLD) Contact calls? (female) © ME
goshpar_me_20240612_7.m4a (N QLD) Adult feeding chick at nest (+ Torresian Crow) © ME
goshpar_me_20240612_6.m4a (N QLD) Various at nest © ME
goshpar_me_20240612_8.m4a (N QLD) Begging calls(?) chicks © ME
goshpar_me_20240612_9.m4a (N QLD) Begging calls(?) chicks © ME

We have also been able to record the wing beats of Golden-shouldered Parrots.

goshpar_me_20240612_11.m4a (N QLD) Departure from nest © ME

More Golden-shouldered Parrot sound recordings are available at xeno-canto.org .

These pages are largely based on our own observations and those of our contributors. The structure of these bird pages is explained HERE. For more salient facts on any bird species please refer to a field guide.

Would you like to contribute photos or sound recordings to this site?
If interested, please CLICK HERE. Credits to contributors are given HERE.