Aust birds    Bird names   News   1-26    Habitats    Key plants    Glossary    Plumage    Nests    Tips    Thumbnails    Gen. info    Sponsors    Photos for sale   
NON-PASSERINES     1    2    3    4    5    6    7    8    9    10     11     12     13     14 15     16     17     18     19     20     21     22     23     24     25     26     PASSERINES
Common names sorted alphabetically: A   B   C   D   E   F   G   H   I   J   K   L   M   N   O   P   Q   R   S   T   W   Y  
Have birds left a mess around your place? We recommend to try a professional cleaning service.

17

Spotted Pardalote

(Pardalotus punctatus)
Alternate name(s): "Diamond-bird", "Ground Dyke", "Diamond Dyke", "Ground Diamond", "Yellow-rumped Pardalote", "Yellow-tailed Pardalote", "(Spotted) Diamond Dyke"
Aboriginal name(s): "bilyabit"*, "widopwidop"* (WA); "weetuwee"

Size: 8-10 cm
Weight: 8 g (average)

Similar species

Description     Classification     Distribution     Sightings     Photos     Breeding     Nest     Eggs     Behaviour     Food     Call/s

Physical description

Click here for a physical description

Taxonomy, classification

See Spotted Pardalote at Wikipedia .

Range, habitat, finding this species

Click here for information on habitat and range

Sightings

Click here for sighting information

Photos

Not the photos you want? Or are you after even better quality? Have a look here .

Race "punctatus"

ADULT

MALE

Close-up frontal view of a male Spotted Pardalote ; the bird was extremely curious and came to check out the photographer, approaching to a distance of less than 2.5 m
[Pilliga scrub, NSW, August 2015]

Close-up near-frontal view of a male Spotted Pardalote ; the bird was extremely curious and came to check out the photographer, approaching to a distance of less than 2.5 m
[Pilliga scrub, NSW, August 2015]

Frontal view of a male Spotted Pardalote checking out the photographer ; the bird was extremely curious and came to check out the photographer, approaching to a distance of less than 2.5 m
[Pilliga scrub, NSW, August 2006]

View of the underside of the same male Spotted Pardalote
[Pilliga scrub, NSW, August 2006]

Lateral view of the same male Spotted Pardalote
[Pilliga scrub, NSW, August 2006]

Same posture, different male Spotted Pardalote (photo courtesy of R. Druce)
[20 km South of Narrabri, NSW , July 2012]

Similar view, taken in optimal light conditions, which brings out the brilliance of the Spotted Pardalote's colours
[Pilliga scrub, NSW, August 2006]

The Spotted Pardalote was so relaxed that it decided to preen itself - here an interesting view into the plumage from underneath
[Pilliga scrub, NSW, August 2006]

Different day, different location, same stroke of luck - curious male Spotted Pardalote
[Pilliga scrub, NSW, November 2006]

FEMALE

Close-up frontal view of a female Spotted Pardalote ; the bird was extremely curious and came to check out the photographer, approaching to a distance of less than 2.5 m
[Pilliga scrub, NSW, August 2015]

The same female Spotted Pardalote as shown above, now seen preening ; the bird was extremely curious and came to check out the photographer, approaching to a distance of less than 2.5 m
[Pilliga scrub, NSW, August 2015]

Near-frontal view of a female Spotted Pardalote
[20 km South of Narrabri, NSW , July 2012]

Near-frontal view of a female Spotted Pardalote (photo courtesy of R. Druce)
[20 km South of Narrabri, NSW , July 2012]

Close-up lateral view of a female Spotted Pardalote (photo courtesy of R. Druce)
[20 km South of Narrabri, NSW , July 2012]

Lateral view of the same female Spotted Pardalote as above
[20 km South of Narrabri, NSW , July 2012]

Different lateral view of a female Spotted Pardalote
[20 km South of Narrabri, NSW , July 2012]

Female Spotted Pardalote seen from below...
[20 km South of Narrabri, NSW , July 2012]

... and here an upside-down female Spotted Pardalote looking for psyllids
[20 km South of Narrabri, NSW , July 2012]

Female Spotted Pardalote seen preening
[20 km South of Narrabri, NSW , July 2012]

Female Spotted Pardalote seen preening
[20 km South of Narrabri, NSW , July 2012]

IMMATURE/JUVENILE

Lateral view of an immature Spotted Pardalote approaching a waterhole
[Deriah Aboriginal Area, NSW, March 2009]

Close-up lateral view of a fledgling Spotted Pardalote
[Dandry AA, NSW, October 2013]

Breeding information

Breeding season: Sep - Jan Eggs: 3 - 4 Incubation period: 14 - 16 days Fledging age: ca. 21 - 28 days

Nest

"bungobittah", "malunna" = nest [Aboriginal]

Type: Tunnel with dome basket Material: Sandy soil, bark strips, grass Height above ground: N/A

Entrance to a Spotted Pardalote's nest dug out of the soft sand lining a gully that is part of a creek which only floods after extreme rainfall
[Rocky Creek, NSW, September 2008]

Spotted Pardalote's nest dug out of soft sand (photo courtesy of R. Plumtree)
[Near Ensay, East Gippsland, VIC, October 2015]

This Spotted Pardalote burrow was found when its occupants were still lining the nest (photo courtesy of R. Plumtree)
[Near Ensay, East Gippsland, VIC, October 2014]

Spotted Pardalote carrying lining material to its nest (photo courtesy of R. Plumtree)
[Near Ensay, East Gippsland, VIC, October 2014]

Different entrance to a Spotted Pardalote's nest; in this case the birds took advantage of a fallen tree's root system for protection - the entrance is the cavity on the right (see photo below)
[Pilliga NP, NSW, August 2013]

Spotted Pardalote entering the tunnel to its nest with nesting material
[Pilliga NP, NSW, August 2013]

Pair of Spotted Pardalotes collecting nesting material
[Deriah Aboriginal Area, NSW, August 2008]

Eggs

"boyanga", "booyanga", "derinya", "dirandil", "koomura", "ngampu", "nooluk", "pateena" = Egg; "dirundirri" = eggs [Aboriginal]; "gawu" = eggs [gamilaraay]

Size:16 x 13 mm Colour: White Shape: Tapered oval

Behaviour

Social behaviour: Territorial Mobility: Sedentary/dispersive Elementary unit: Pair

Amongst Spotted Pardalotes, the males are definitely more curious than the females. Only when taking first photos of a female together with a male we noticed that previously we had always seen males that had come to check us out.

Curious (male?) Spotted Pardalote raising its crown to form a small crest
[Deriah Aboriginal Area, NSW, May 2013]

Food, Diet

Spotted Pardalotes forage through the foliage of trees for small insects. They feed mostly on psyllids and lerps.

Female Spotted Pardalote taking a psyllid
[20 km South of Narrabri, NSW , July 2012]

Together with Striated Pardalotes, in a bunch of about 20-25 birds, Spotted Pardalotes were the first observed by us to visit a waterhole before sunrise. Other bird species followed later.

Three of a bunch of up to 20 Spotted Pardalotes visiting a local waterhole prior to sunrise
[Deriah Aboriginal Area, NSW, January 2009]

Spotted Pardalote drinking from a muddy waterhole
[Deriah Aboriginal Area, NSW, November 2013]

Call(s)/Song

For this species we have recorded the following call(s)/song. The interpretation of their meaning is our own; comments and suggestions for improvement are welcome.

spopard_20140612_2.mp3 punctatus
(NW NSW)
Contact call © MD
spopard_20140129.mp3 punctatus
(NW NSW)
Contact calls © MD
spopard_20140612.mp3 punctatus
(NW NSW)
Feeding call(?) © MD
spopard_20140612_4.mp3 punctatus
(NW NSW)
? © MD
spopard_20150214.mp3 punctatus
(NW NSW)
Together with Weebills © MD

These pages are largely based on our own observations and those of our contributors. The structure of these bird pages is explained HERE. For more salient facts on any bird species please refer to a field guide.

Would you like to contribute photos or sound recordings to this site?
If interested, please CLICK HERE. Credits to contributors are given HERE.