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Australian bird habitats:

Description of habitat

Woodland is a term defined to describe habitats dominated by trees with a maximum upper canopy height of 8-20 m. Such relatively low trees are often found in semi-arid environments or on poor soils. Accordingly, birds living in these habitats must often also be able to adapt to somewhat adverse conditions.

Woodland is called "closed woodland" if the canopies of the trees overlap, whereas it is called "open woodland" if there is no such overlap. The term "tall woodland" is used for woodland with an upper canopy of about 10-20 m in height; "low woodland" has an upper canopy of about 8-10 m. The list of bird species shown below is for all types of woodland combined.

Areas with tree growth up to a maximum height exceeding 20 m are called forest. Areas with plant growth up to a maximum height of 8 m are called scrub.

Bird species found in this type of habitat or plant

This is not necessarily a complete list. We display here some examples of bird species found by us in this kind of habitat or plant. Hover your cursor on thumbnails to see names of species; click on thumbnail to go to the page describing the species.


Sclerophyll (i.e. eucalypt-dominated) woodland with dense undergrowth seen from outside

Semi-arid sclerophyll (i.e. eucalypt-dominated) woodland at Bullawa Creek SCA

Brigalow woodland in Brigalow Park Nature Reserve, 20 km south-west of Narrabri, NSW

woodland_20150914.mp3 Various species Recorded in mixed woodland © MD

These pages are largely based on our own observations and those of our contributors. The structure of these bird pages is explained HERE. For more salient facts on any bird species please refer to a field guide.

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