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Key plants used by Australian birds:
: (Tangled) Lignum (Muehlenbeckia florulenta)

Aboriginal names: "gweeargal" [wiradjuri]; "pindiana" = Lignum swamp

Lignum is found along the edges of freshwater lakes, including ephemeral lakes, floodplains, swamps and (semi-)permanent waterholes, such as e.g. gilgais, in the semi-arid to arid interior of Australia. It is a dominant species that will spread along the water's edge, suppressing other growth. Lignum can grow to a height of about 2.5 m. Its stems are photosynthetic; hence it can live for long periods of time without having leaves. It deep root system provides it with water even in dry times.

Bird species found in this type of habitat or plant

This is not necessarily a complete list. We display here some examples of bird species found by us in this kind of habitat or plant. Hover your cursor on thumbnails to see names of species; click on thumbnail to go to the page describing the species.


Male Superb Fairy-wren in lignum; inside the clustered plant a pair had its nest and the fledgling chicks hid in the thicket too


This is not necessarily a complete list. We collate here various ways in which birds can use various types of plant.

Perch Roost Shade Food Nectar Fruit Seed Prey Nest
Shelter Vantage

These pages are largely based on our own observations and those of our contributors. The structure of these bird pages is explained HERE. For more salient facts on any bird species please refer to a field guide.

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