European birds    Bird names   News   Family groups 1-26    Glossary    Plumage    Tips    Thumbnails    Gen. info    Credits    Photos for sale   
NON-PASSERINES     1    2    3    4    5    6    7    8    9    10     11     12     13     14 15     16     17     18     19     20     21     22     23     24     25     26     PASSERINES
Common names sorted alphabetically: A   B   C   D   E   F   G   H   I   J   K   L   M   N   O   P   Q   R   S   T   V   W   Y  


Common Quail

(Coturnix coturnix)
Alternate name(s): "European Quail", "Quail"
German name(s): "Europäische Wachtel"

Size: 18-22 cm
Weight: 90-130 g


Description     Classification     Distribution     Sightings     Photos     Breeding     Nest     Eggs     Behaviour     Food     Call/s

Physical description

Click here for a physical description

Taxonomy, classification

See Common Quail at Wikipedia .

Click here for classification information

Range, habitat, finding this species

Click here for information on habitat and range


Click here for sighting information


Race "coturnix"



Near-frontal view of a female Common Quail; note the absence of a black mark on the throat (photo courtesy of J. Pires)
[Vilarelhos, Tras os Montes, Portugal, May 2018]

Lateral view of a female Common Quail (photo courtesy of J. Pires)
[Vilarelhos, Tras os Montes, Portugal, May 2018]

Food, Diet

Lateral view of a female Common Quail taking a grain (photo courtesy of J. Pires)
[Vilarelhos, Tras os Montes, Portugal, May 2018]


For this species we have recorded the following call(s)/song. The interpretation of their meaning is our own; comments and suggestions for improvement are welcome.

quail_jp_20190606_2.m4a (Portugal) Contact calls(?) © JP
quail_jp_20190608.m4a (Portugal) Contact calls(?) © JP
quail_jp_20180702.m4a (Portugal) Contact calls(?) © JP
quail_jp_20200422.m4a (Portugal) Various © JP
quail_jp_20190606.m4a (Portugal) Various © JP
quail_jp_20200422_2.m4a (Portugal) ? © JP

More Common Quail sound recordings are available at .

These pages are largely based on our own observations and those of our contributors. The structure of these bird pages is explained HERE. For more salient facts on any bird species please refer to a field guide.

Would you like to contribute photos or sound recordings to this site?
If interested, please CLICK HERE. Credits to contributors are given HERE.