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11

Rock Dove

(Columba livia)
Alternate name(s): "Rock Pigeon", "Pigeon*"
German name(s): "Felsentaube"

Size: 29-37 cm; wing span 62-72 cm
Weight: 240-380 g

Similar species

Description     Classification     Distribution     Sightings     Photos     Breeding     Nest     Eggs     Behaviour     Food     Call/s

Physical description

Click here for a physical description

Taxonomy, classification

See Rock Dove at Wikipedia .

Range, habitat, finding this species

Click here for information on habitat and range

Sightings

Click here for sighting information

Photos

Race "livia"

ADULT

Sex unknown

Near-lateral view of a Rock Dove (photo courtesy of D. Wilczynska)
[Near Cala Gonone, eastern Sardinia, Italy, in June 2016]

Lateral view of a Rock Dove; note the typical dual dark-grey wing bar (photo courtesy of D. Wilczynska)
[Near Cala Gonone, eastern Sardinia, Italy, in June 2016]

Lateral view of Rock Doves (photo courtesy of J. Pires )
[Mora, Evora, Portugal, October 2018]

Dorsal view of Rock Doves (photo courtesy of J. Pires )
[Mora, Evora, Portugal, February 2014]

Rock Doves taking a bath; note the white spots on the backs which are part of their original morphology
(photo courtesy of J. Pires )
[Mora, Evora, Portugal, December 2013]

Lateral view of Rock Doves in flight (photo courtesy of J. Pires )
[Mora, Evora, Portugal, January 2018]

Lateral view of a large flock of Rock Doves in flight (photo courtesy of J. Pires )
[Mora, Evora, Portugal, January 2014]

Race "atlantis"

This race is almost certainly derived from Feral Pigeons.

Rock Doves/Feral Pigeons in their natural habitat (photo courtesy of J. Pires )
[Sao Jorge Island, Azores, November 2018]

Rock Doves/Feral Pigeons in their natural habitat (photo courtesy of J. Pires )
[Sao Jorge Island, Azores, November 2018]

Race "palaestinae"

Photos of Rock Doves, race "palaestinae", were taken by us in Oman.

Hybrids (feral pigeons)

Photos of feral pigeons were taken by us in Oman.

"Release Dove"

"Release Doves" are a special, all-white breed of the Rock Dove, used for release on ceremonial occasions.

Near-lateral view of a Release Dove; note the banding (photo courtesy of P. Brown)

Lateral view of a Release Dove; note the banding (photo courtesy of P. Brown)

Breeding information

Breeding season: Mar - Jun Eggs: 2 Incubation period: 17 - 19 days Fledging age: 30 days

Given the right conditions, Rock Doves can breed at any time of year. They can have up to six clutches per year.

For more breeding information see the page on Rock Doves in Oman.

Behaviour

Rock Doves/Feral Pigeons in their natural habitat (photo courtesy of J. Pires )
[Sao Jorge Island, Azores, November 2018]

Rock Doves/Feral Pigeons in their natural habitat (photo courtesy of J. Pires )
[Sao Jorge Island, Azores, November 2018]

Rock Doves on an artificial "cliff" (photo courtesy of J. Pires )
[Mora, Evora, Portugal, February 2014]

Food, Diet

As all pigeons and doves, Rock Doves are strictly vegetarian. When not scavenging from humans, they feed exclusively on seeds.

Call(s)/Song

For this species we have recorded the following call(s)/song. The interpretation of their meaning is our own; comments and suggestions for improvement are welcome.

rockdov_20160701.mp3 Male wooing female © MD

These pages are largely based on our own observations and those of our contributors. The structure of these bird pages is explained HERE. For more salient facts on any bird species please refer to a field guide.

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