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(Upupa epops)
Alternate name(s): "Eurasian Hoopoe"
Size: 25-32 cm; wing span: 44-48 cm
Weight: 46-89 g
Description     Classification     Distribution     Sightings     Photos     Breeding     Nest     Eggs     Behaviour     Food     Call/s

Physical description

Click here for a physical description

Taxonomy, classification

See Hoopoe at Wikipedia .

Range, habitat, finding this species

Click here for information on habitat and range


Click here for sighting information


Race "epops"


Hoopoe perched high up in a tree top (photo courtesy of Agnieszka from Lodz)
[Biebrza National Park, Poland, June 2016]

Hoopoe flying up to bring food to the chicks in its nest (photo courtesy of Beata from Warsaw)
[Biebrza National Park, Poland, June 2016]

Here the Hoopoe is seen approaching the nest; the full-size image gives an overview of where the nest is located (photo courtesy of Agnieszka from Lodz)
[Biebrza National Park, Poland, June 2016]

More photos of Hoopoes, race "epops", were taken by us in Oman.

Breeding information

Breeding season: Jun - Jan Eggs: ca. 12 Incubation period: 15 - 18 days Fledging age: 26 - 29 days

The breeding season depends a lot on geographic latitude and other climatic factors. The period listed above applies to eastern/central Europe.

The clutch size also depends strongly on geographic latitude. It varies from ca. 4 eggs in the tropics, via on average 7 in subtropical regions, to around 12 at higher latitudes.

Nest building: ? Incubation: Female Dependent care: Female & male


Type: Hollow Material: Tree, rock Height above ground: 3 - 10? m

Hoopoe feeding one of its chicks through the opening of its hollow in a tree trunk (photo courtesy of Beata from Warsaw)
[Biebrza National Park, Poland, June 2016]

Near-fledging age Hoopoe chick at the entrance of its nest hollow; note the white gape (photo courtesy of D. Wilczynska)
[Biebrza National Park, Poland, June 2016]


Size: 26 x 17 mm Colour: White Shape: Tapered oval


While foraging, Hoopoes prefer to run from place to place, rather than fly short distances.


For this species we have recorded the following call(s)/song. The interpretation of their meaning is our own; comments and suggestions for improvement are welcome.

hoopoe_dw_20160605_2.mp3 epops (Poland) Territorial call (male) © DW
hoopoe_dw_20160605.mp3 epops (Poland) Territorial calls (males) © DW

These pages are largely based on our own observations and those of our contributors. The structure of these bird pages is explained HERE. For more salient facts on any bird species please refer to a field guide.

Would you like to contribute photos or sound recordings to this site?
If interested, please CLICK HERE. Credits to contributors are given HERE.