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20

Eurasian Nuthatch

(Sitta europaea)
Alternate name(s): "Wood Nuthatch"
German name(s): "Kleiber", "Spechtmeise"

Size: 12-14.5 cm; wing span 22.5-27 cm
Weight: 19-30 g

Similar species

Description     Classification     Distribution     Sightings     Photos     Breeding     Nest     Eggs     Behaviour     Food     Call/s

Physical description

Click here for a physical description

Taxonomy, classification

See Eurasian Nuthatch at Wikipedia .

Click here for classification information

Range, habitat, finding this species

Click here for information on habitat and range

Sightings

Click here for sighting information

Photos

Race "caesia"

ADULT

MALE

Near-frontal view of a male Eurasian Nuthatch (photo courtesy of M. Thomas)
[Eltville, Hessen, Germany, March 2018]

View onto the back of a male Eurasian Nuthatch; note the dark red-brown sides (photo courtesy of M. Thomas)
[Eltville, Hessen, Germany, March 2018]

Ventral view of a male Eurasian Nuthatch; note the dark red-brown vent (photo courtesy of M. Thomas)
[Eltville, Hessen, Germany, March 2018]

Race "hispaniensis"

ADULT

MALE

Lateral view of a male Eurasian Nuthatch; note the dark red-brown vent (photo courtesy of J. Pires )
[Mora, Evora, Portugal, July 2018]

Near-dorsal view of a male Eurasian Nuthatch (photo courtesy of J. Pires )
[Mora, Evora, Portugal, April 2014]

FEMALE

Lateral view of a female Eurasian Nuthatch moving head-down down a tree trunk; note the rusty-buff vent
(photo courtesy of J. Pires )
[Montargil, Alentejo, Portugal, July 2014]

Sex unknown

Near-frontal view of a Eurasian Nuthatch "giving way to traffic from the right" (photo courtesy of J. Pires )
[Mora, Evora, Portugal, August 2014]

Behaviour

The name of Eurasian Nuthatches derives from the birds' habit of wedging nuts into crevices and then cracking them.

View of the upperparts of a female Eurasian Nuthatch moving head-down down a tree trunk (photo courtesy of J. Pires )
[Montargil, Alentejo, Portugal, July 2014]

Food, Diet

Eurasian Nuthatches feed mainly on insects, with a preference for caterpillars and beetles. In autumn this diet can be augmented by nuts and seeds.

Eurasian Nuthatch pulling its prey out of the bark of a tree (photo courtesy of J. Pires )
[Montargil, Alentejo, Portugal, January 2018]

Eurasian Nuthatch drinking water (photo courtesy of J. Pires )
[Mora, Evora, Portugal, August 2014]

Eurasian Nuthatch scooping up a droplet of water (photo courtesy of J. Pires )
[Mora, Evora, Portugal, August 2014]

Eurasian Nuthatch visiting a bird feeder (photo courtesy of M. Thomas)
[Elvtille, Hessen, Germany, December 2017]

These pages are largely based on our own observations and those of our contributors. The structure of these bird pages is explained HERE. For more salient facts on any bird species please refer to a field guide.

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