The overall distribution of this species can be assessed, and
specific locations where birds have been spotted can be found,
based on individual sighting reports submitted by birdwatchers to
The global distribution of the Arctic Redpoll is available
There are 2 races of Arctic Redpolls, which are a partly migratory,
partly sedentary species.
Their overall distribution is circumpolar around the North Pole.
Their breeding range is largely restricted to within the Polar circle.
In winter part of the population migrates southward to ca. 50 degrees
latitude in Europe and farther South yet on the North American continent.
Nominate race "hornemanni" resides only on Greenland and neighbouring
parts of north-eastern Canada.
was the most widespread distribution. It is found in northern Eurasia
and the remainder of the North-American tundra.
In Europe only Arctic Redpolls of race
"exilipes" are found.
They are sedentary only along the northern coastal fringe
of Scandinavia and north-western European Russia.
Their wintering range comprises basically all of the rest
of Scandinavia, except the Finnish lake districts.
A smaller part of the migratory population can reach
an area of roughly semi-circular shape centred on the
southern Baltic Sea, ranging from Moscow, Russia, in
the East, via the Baltic states and Poland, with the
exception of northern Germany, towards the Benelux
countries, the eastern parts of England and Scotland
and the Hebrides.
During the breeding season Arctic Redpolls have a preference
for beech forest and willows, but they also breed in tundra
and upland heath.
The range and habits of migratory Arctic Redpoll, including
preferences for certain types of habitats, outside the breeding
season are not well known.