The overall distribution of this species can be assessed, and
specific locations where birds have been spotted can be found,
based on individual sighting reports submitted by birdwatchers to
The global distribution of the Calandra Lark is available
The Calandra Lark is a partly sedentary, partly migratory
species with 4 extant races.
Their overall distribution ranges from Iberia and north-western
Africa in the West, via the Mediterranean, Asia Minor, around
the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea, into the Levant and into
southern central Asia, near the border of Kazakhstan and
Kyrgyzstan with China (for details see a field guide).
"calandra", the "Western Calandra Lark", is found from southern
Europe and north-western Africa to Asia Minor.
Race "psammochroa", the "Eastern Calandra Lark", is present in a
region spanning from northern Iraq and northern Iran to Turkmenistan
Race "gaza" resides in the area from eastern Syria and south-eastern
Turkey to south-western Iran.
Race "hebraica", the "Levant Calandra Lark", populates
southern central Turkey and north-western Syria to Israel and western
In Europe only the nominate race of Calandra Larks,
(the "European Calandra Lark") is found. Their range
within Europe extends from much of Iberia via the Cote d'Azure
to Sardinia , parts of southern Italy and the eastern Adriatic
coastal fringe into parts of Greece. Along the eastern coastal
fringe of the Black Sea they are found only during winter, but
northward of the Black Sea and towards the Caspian Sea their
sedentary range continues towards the Caucasus and the northern
coastline of the Caspian Sea.
Apart from south-western Russia, where the species is partly
migratory, extending its breeding range northward, they are
sedentary throughout southern Europe.
There are some reports of stragglers reaching Britain and southern
Calandra Larks have a preference for breeding on natural steppe,
these days also in cultivated fields.
While being found in pairs during the breeding season, they can
form relatively large flocks during winter.