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Eurasian Crag Martin

(Ptyonoprogne rupestris)
Alternate name(s): "Crag Martin"
German name(s): "Felsenschwalbe"

Size: 13-15 cm; wing span: 32-34.5 cm
Weight: 23 g (average)

Similar species

Description     Classification     Distribution     Sightings     Photos     Breeding     Nest     Eggs     Behaviour     Food     Call/s

Physical description

Click here for a physical description

Taxonomy, classification

See Eurasian Crag Martin at Wikipedia .

Range, habitat, finding this species

Click here for information on habitat and range


Click here for sighting information



Near-lateral view of an Eurasian Crag Martin; note the characteristic streaking on the chin/throat
(photo courtesy of D. Wilczynska)
[June 2018]

Lateral view of an Eurasian Crag Martin (photo courtesy of D. Wilczynska)
[June 2018]

Near-dorsal view of an Eurasian Crag Martin holding on to a rockface (photo courtesy of D. Wilczynska)
[June 2018]

Breeding information

Breeding season: May - Aug Eggs: 2 - 5 Incubation period: 13 - 17 days Fledging age: 24 - 27 days

Except in the northern-most parts of their breeding range, Eurasian Crag Martins usually have two broods per season.

Nest building: Female & male Incubation: Female Dependent care: Female & male


Type: Mud nest in rock crevace Material: Mud; feathers, dry grass lining Height above ground: N/A

Eurasian Crag Martin perched at the entrance to its nest hollow (photo courtesy of D. Wilczynska)
[June 2018]


Size: 20 x 14 mm Colour: White, with many small dark-brown to black speckles Shape: Tapered oval


Social behaviour: Communal Mobility: Sedentary/Migratory Elementary unit: Pair/Flock

Food, Diet

Adults: Small insects Dependents: As adults Water intake: Daily(?)

Like all other swallows known to us, Eurasian Crag Martins are insect hunters. They feed in-flight on small insects.

These pages are largely based on our own observations and those of our contributors. The structure of these bird pages is explained HERE. For more salient facts on any bird species please refer to a field guide.

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