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25

Common House Martin

(Delichon urbicum)
Alternate name(s): "Northern House Martin", "House Martin"
German name(s): "Mehlschwalbe"

Size: 13.5-15 cm; wing span: 26-29 cm
Weight: 12-22 g

Similar species

Description     Classification     Distribution     Sightings     Photos     Breeding     Nest     Eggs     Behaviour     Food     Call/s

Physical description

Click here for a physical description

Taxonomy, classification

See Common House Martin at Wikipedia .

Range, habitat, finding this species

Click here for information on habitat and range

Sightings

Click here for sighting information

Photos

Race "urbicum"

ADULT

Common House Martin feeding a single chick in its nest; note the characteristic all-white front and rump (photo courtesy of D. Wilczynska)
[Ostrow Mazowiecka, Masovia, Poland, July 2016]

Common House Martin feeding a single chick in its nest (photo courtesy of D. Wilczynska)
[Ostrow Mazowiecka, Masovia, Poland, July 2016]

IMMATURE/JUVENILE

Juvenile Common House Martin waiting to be fed (photo courtesy of H. Dahlem-Senger)
[Near Matrei, Osttirol, Austria, July 2017]

Breeding information

Breeding season: May - Aug Eggs: 3 - 5 Incubation period: 14 - 16 days Fledging age: 22 - 23 days

Nest building: Female & male Incubation: Mostly female Dependent care: Female & male

Nest

Type: Basket Material: Mud, feathers Height above ground: 2(?) - ? m

Common House Martin chick in its nest, waiting to be fed (photo courtesy of D. Wilczynska)
[Ostrow Mazowiecka, Masovia, Poland, July 2016]

Two Common House Martin chicks in their nest, waiting to be fed (photo courtesy of H. Dahlem-Senger)
[Near Matrei, Osttirol, Austria, July 2017]

Closer look at two Common House Martin chicks in their nest, waiting to be fed (photo courtesy of H. Dahlem-Senger)
[Near Matrei, Osttirol, Austria, July 2017]

Eggs

Size: 19 x 13 mm Colour: White Shape: Tapered oval

Behaviour

Social behaviour: Communal Mobility: Migratory Elementary unit: Flock

Food, Diet

Adults: Small insects Dependents: As adults Water intake: Daily(?)

Like all other swallows known to us, Common House Martins are insect hunters. They feed in-flight on small insects.

Call(s)/Song

For this species we have recorded the following call(s)/song. The interpretation of their meaning is our own; comments and suggestions for improvement are welcome.

housmrt_dw_20160708.mp3 urbicum
(Poland)
Arriving at nest © DW

These pages are largely based on our own observations and those of our contributors. The structure of these bird pages is explained HERE. For more salient facts on any bird species please refer to a field guide.

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