The overall distribution of this species can be assessed, and
specific locations where birds have been spotted can be found,
based on individual sighting reports submitted by birdwatchers to
The global distribution of the Gyrfalcon is available
Gyrfalcons are found on all northern continents and islands
around the Arctic circle, at geographic latitudes ranging
from about 40 to 85 degrees (North America) and ca. 50-70
degrees (Eurasia, Iceland, Greenland). During the breeding
season they are in the northern part of their range; they
reach the southern parts during dispersal or as vagrants.
In Europe Gyrfalcons are found as permanent residents
in northern Scandinavia, in the highlands of northern
Norway, Sweden and Finland.
During the winter months, they can disperse southwards.
They are found around the Baltic Sea and, as vagrants,
along the North Sea coastline of continental Europe, and
in parts of Britain and Ireland.
Gyrfalcons breed on Arctic coasts and tundra. During their
dispersal they go into more diverse habitats, but in Eurasia
are still often found near coastlines.