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7

Common Crane

(Grus grus)
Alternate name(s): "Eurasian Crane"
German name(s): "Kranich"

Size: 1.0-1.2 m; wing span 1.8-2.2 cm
Weight: 5.1-6.1 kg (male), 4.5-5.9 kg (female)
Description     Classification     Distribution     Sightings     Photos     Breeding     Nest     Eggs     Behaviour     Food     Call/s

Physical description

Click here for a physical description

Taxonomy, classification

See Common Crane at Wikipedia .

Range, habitat, finding this species

Click here for information on habitat and range

Sightings

Click here for sighting information

Photos

Race "grus"

ADULT

Two Common Cranes on a meadow, possibly a pair (photo courtesy of D. Wilczynska)
[Near Jelonki, Masovia, Poland, April 2016]

Two Common Cranes on a meadow (photo courtesy of D. Wilczynska)
[Near Jelonki, Masovia, Poland, April 2016]

Lateral view of Common Cranes (photo courtesy of D. Wilczynska)
[Near Jelonki, Masovia, Poland, April 2016]

Lateral view of Common Cranes (photo courtesy of D. Wilczynska)
[Near Jelonki, Masovia, Poland, April 2016]

Dorsal view of Common Cranes; note the different shape and shape of the red spot, which does NOT indicate different sexes (photo courtesy of D. Wilczynska)
[Near Jelonki, Masovia, Poland, April 2016]

Common Crane foraging in a fallow field (photo courtesy of D. Wilczynska)
[Near Jelonki, Masovia, Poland, April 2016]

Covey of Common Cranes on a meadow (photo courtesy of D. Wilczynska)
[River Bug, Brok, Masovia, Poland, August 2016]

Covey of Common Cranes on a meadow, with a covey of Common Wood Pigeons flying over (photo courtesy of D. Wilczynska)
[River Bug, Brok, Masovia, Poland, August 2016]

Common Cranes at take-off (photo courtesy of D. Wilczynska)
[Near Jelonki, Masovia, Poland, April 2016]

Common Crane in low flight (photo courtesy of D. Wilczynska)
[Near Jelonki, Masovia, Poland, April 2016]

Four Common Cranes in flight; their behaviour suggests that they may be two pairs (photo courtesy of D. Wilczynska)
[Near Jelonki, Masovia, Poland, August 2015]

Skeins of Common Cranes on migration (photo courtesy of H. Dahlem-Senger)
[Eltville, Hessen, Germany, November 2016]

Breeding information

Breeding season: Apr(?) - June(?) Eggs: 2 Incubation period: ca. 30 days Fledging age: ca. 63 days

Eggs are usually laid in May. Usually a clutch consists of 2 eggs, rarely 1 or 3 (or even 4) eggs are laid. The nest is usually close to, or surrounded by, water. Chicks are precocial, i.e. they leave their nest at a very young age, but they only start to fly short distances at ca. 9 weeks old. Until then they wander around with their parents, who at the time are also going through a moult and are flightless for 5-6 weeks.

Nest building: ? Incubation: Female (& male) Dependent care: Female & male

Nest

Type: Basket Material: Reed stems, twigs, leaves Height above ground: N/A

Overview of the location of a Common Crane nest by the base of a tree (photo courtesy of D. Wilczynska)
[River Bug wetlands, near Brok, Masovia, Poland, May 2017]

Common Crane squatting down on its nest (photo courtesy of D. Wilczynska)
[River Bug wetlands, near Brok, Masovia, Poland, May 2017]

Common Crane sitting on its nest (photo courtesy of D. Wilczynska)
[River Bug wetlands, near Brok, Masovia, Poland, May 2017]

Common Crane sitting on its nest (photo courtesy of D. Wilczynska)
[River Bug wetlands, near Brok, Masovia, Poland, May 2017]

Eggs

Size: 90 x 60 mm Colour: Tan, with grey-brown to dark-brown speckles Shape: Long tapered oval

Common Crane tending to the two eggs in its nest, possibly turning them (photo courtesy of D. Wilczynska)
[River Bug wetlands, near Brok, Masovia, Poland, May 2017]

Call(s)/Song

For this species we have recorded the following call(s)/song. The interpretation of their meaning is our own; comments and suggestions for improvement are welcome.

crane_dw_20160930.mp3 grus (Poland) Pair Q&A © DW

These pages are largely based on our own observations and those of our contributors. The structure of these bird pages is explained HERE. For more salient facts on any bird species please refer to a field guide.

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