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Common names sorted alphabetically: A   B   C   D   E   F   G   H   I   J   K   L   M   N   O   P   R   S   T   W   Y  

European bird names

For all practical purposes the NEW, modern names for birds, as listed below, should be used.

Alternative (often old) names are given for many bird species on their respective pages. They are provided for the benefit of those who have grown up with the old names. Use the search engine to find the bird species under its modern name. Note that many old names are not unique (marked with "*"), some are misnomers and in some cases new scientific research has led to entirely new names for bird species (including their scientific classifications). Wherever known to us, we list both the German and English names of species, together with the scientific name. This table is in alphabetical order of the ENGLISH names.

Index of European bird species observed by us

NOTE: Only birds native to Europe seen by us are listed here. No introduced species are listed or shown.

European bird species are listed alphabetically by their English common names (e.g., "Blackbird, Common"), their German common names (e.g., "Amsel") and by their scientific names (e.g., "Turdus merula"). To search for a bird species with a composite name, such as "Common Blackbird", go to the letter "B" for "Blackbird, Common". Alternatively, use the search engine in the header above.

English common name                             German common name                             Scientific name
A   B   C   D   E   F   G   H   I   J   K   L   M   N   O   P   R   S   T   W   Y  
(Sorted by first letter of COMMON ENGLISH name; letters are clickable)

A

Albatross "Albatros"
  Black-browed "Schwarzbrauenalbatros" Thalassarche melanophris
Avocet, Pied "Säbelschnäbler" Recurvirostra avosetta

B

Bee-eater, European "(Europäischer) Bienenfresser" Merops apiaster
Bittern "Dommel"
  Little "Zwergdommel" Ixobrychus minutus
Blackbird, Common "Amsel" Turdus merula
Bullfinch, Eurasian "Gimpel", "Dompfaff", "Blutfink" Pyrrhula pyrrhula
Bunting (see also Finch, Serin, Siskin, Linnet, Yellowhammer) "Ammer"
  Black-headed "Kappenammer" Emberiza melanocephala
  Cirl "Zaunammer" Emberiza cirlus
  Common Reed "Rohrammer" Emberiza schoeniclus
  Corn "Grauammer" Emberiza calandra
  Ortolan "Ortolan" Emberiza hortulana
  Rock "Felsenammer" Emberiza cia
Buzzard "Bussard"
  Common "Mäusebussard" Buteo buteo
  Rough-legged "Raufußbussard" Buteo lagopus

C

Chaffinch, Common "Buchfink" Fringilla coelebs
Chiffchaff (see also [Phylloscopus] Warbler)
  Common "Zilpzalp", "Weidenlaubsänger" Phylloscopus collybita
Chough "Dohle"
  Alpine "Alpendohle" Pyrrhocorax graculus
Coot, Eurasian "Blässhuhn", "Blässralle" ("Blesshuhn", "Blessralle") Fulica atra
Cormorant (see also Shag) "Kormoran"
  Great "Kormoran" Phalacrocorax carbo
Crake
  Baillon's "Zwergsumpfhuhn" Porzana pusilla
Crane, Common "Kranich" Grus grus
Crow (see also Rook, Raven) "Krähe"
  Carrion "Aaskrähe" Corvus corone
  Hooded "Nebelkrähe" Corvus cornix
Crossbill "Kreuzschnabel"
  Common "Fichtenkreuzschnabel" Loxia curvirostra
Cuckoo, Common "Kuckuck" Cuculus canorus
Curlew (see also Whimbrel)
  Eurasian "Großer Brachvogel" Numenius arquata
  Little "Zwergbrachvogel" Numenius minutus

D

Dipper, White-throated "Wasseramsel", "Eurasische Wasseramsel" Cinclus cinclus
Dove (see also Pigeon) "Taube"
  Eurasian Collared "Türkentaube" Streptopelia decaocto
  European Turtle "Turteltaube" Streptopelia turtur
  Rock "Felsentaube" Columba livia
Duck (see also Shelduck, Shoveler, Merganser, Goosander, Wigeon, Goldeneye, Pochard) "Ente"
  Common Shel- "Brandgans" Tadorna tadorna
  Ferruginous "Moorente" Aythya nyroca
  Tufted "Reiherente" Aythya fuligula
Dunnock "Heckenbraunelle" Prunella modularis

E

Egret (see also Heron) "Reiher"
  Cattle "Kuhreiher" Bubulcus ibis
  Great [White] "Silberreiher" Ardea alba
  Little "Seidenreiher" Ardea [Egretta] garzetta

F

Falcon (see also Kestrel, Merlin) "Falke"
  Peregrine "Wanderfalke" Falco peregrinus
Fieldfare (see also Thrush) "Wacholderdrossel" Turdus pilaris
Finch (see also Bunting, Serin, Siskin, Linnet, Yellowhammer) "Fink"
  Common Rose- "Karmingimpel" Carpodacus erythrinus
  Eurasian Bull- "Gimpel", "Dompfaff", "Blutfink" Pyrrhula pyrrhula
  European Gold- "Stieglitz", "Distelfink" Carduelis carduelis
  European Green- "Grünfink", "Grünling" Chloris [Carduelis[ chloris
  Trumpeter "Wüstentrompeter", "Wüstengimpel", "Wüsten-Gimpel" Bucanetes githagineus
Flamingo, Greater "Rosaflamingo" Phoenicopterus roseus
Flycatcher (see also Whitethroat, Warbler)
  Collared "Halsbandschnäpper" Ficedula albicollis
  European Pied "Trauerschnäpper" Ficedula hypoleuca
  Spotted "Grauer Fliegenschnäpper", "Grauschnäpper" Muscicapa striata

G

Garganey (see also Duck, Shelduck, Merganser, Goosander, Shoveler) "Knäkente" Anas querquedula
Godwit "Schnepfe"
  Black-tailed "Uferschnepfe" Limosa limosa
Goldcrest "Wintergoldhähnchen" Regulus regulus
Goldeneye (see also Duck, Shelduck, Shoveler, Merganser, Goosander, Wigeon)
  Common "Schellente" Bucephala clangula
Goosander (see also Merganser, Duck, Shelduck, Shoveler) "Gänsesäger" Mergus merganser
Goose "Gans"
  Barnacle "Nonnengans" Branta leucopsis
  Canada "Kanadagans" Branta canadensis
  Greater White-fronted "Blässgans" Anser albifrons
  Greylag "Graugans" Anser anser
Grebe "Taucher"
  Black-necked "Schwarzhalstaucher" Podiceps nigricollis
  Great Crested "Haubentaucher" Podiceps cristatus
Greenshank, Common "Grünschenkel" Tringa nebularis
Gull "Möwe"
  Black-headed "Lachmöwe" Chroicocephalus ridibundus
  Common "Sturmmöwe" Larus canus
  European Herring "Silbermöwe" Larus argentatus
  Mediterranean "Mittelmeermöwe" Larus melanocephalus
  Slender-billed "Dünnschnabelmöwe" Chroicocephalus genei
  Yellow-legged "Mittelmeermöwe" Larus michahellis

H

Harrier
  Western Marsh "Rohrweihe" Circus aeruginosus
Hawfinch (see also Finch) "Kernbeisser" Coccothraustes coccothraustes
Heron (see also Egret) "Reiher"
  Black-crowned Night "Nachtreiher" Nycticorax nycticorax
  Grey "Graureiher" Ardea cinerea
  Squacco "Rallenreiher" Ardeola ralloides
  Purple "Purpurreiher" Ardea purpurea
  Striated "Mangrovenreiher" Butorides striatus
Hoopoe "Wiedehopf" Upupa epops

I

Ibis, Glossy "Braunsichler", "Brauner Sichler" Plegadis falcinellus

J

Jackdaw, Western "Dohle" Corvus monedula
Jay, Eurasian "Eichelhäher" Garrulus glandarius

K

Kestrel (see also Falcon) "Falke"
  Common "Turmfalke" Falco tinnunculus
Kingfisher
  Common "Eisvogel" Alcedo atthis
Kite
  Black "Schwarzer Milan", "Schwarzmilan" Milvus migrans

L

Lapwing (see also Plover)
  Northern "Kiebitz" Vanellus vanellus
  Spur-winged "Spornkiebitz" Vanellus spinosus
Lark
  Crested "Haubenlerche" Galerida cristata
Linnet, Common "Hänfling", "Bluthänfling" Linaria (Carduelis) cannabina

M

Magpie
  Eurasian "Elster" Pica pica
Mallard "Stockente", "Wilde Ente", "Märzente" Anas platyrhynchos
Martin (see also Swallow) "Schwalbe"
  Common House "Mehlschwalbe" Delichon urbicum
  Sand "Uferschwalbe" Riparia riparia
Merganser (see also Duck, Shelduck, Shoveler, Goosander) "Säger"
  Red-breasted "Mittelsäger" Mergus serrator
Merlin (see also Falcon, Kestrel) "Merlin" Falco columbarius
Moorhen, Common "Teichralle", "Teichhuhn", "Rotbläßchen", "Grünfüssiges Teichhuhn" Gallinula chloropus

N

Nightingale
  Common "Nachtigall" Luscinia megarhynchos
Nightjar
  European "Ziegenmelker" Caprimulgus europaeus
Nuthatch, Eurasian "Kleiber", "Spechtmeise" Sitta europaea

O

Oriole, Eurasian Golden "Pirol", "Pfingstvogel", "Goldamsel" Oriolus oriolus
Osprey "Fischadler" Pandion haliaetus
Owl "Eule", "Kauz"
  Long-eared "Waldohreule" Asio otus

P

Partridge, Grey "Rebhuhn" Perdix perdix
Pelican
  Great White "Rosapelikan" Pelecanus onocrotalus
Pheasant, Common "Jagdfasan", "Fasan" Phasianus colchicus
Pipit
  Meadow "Wiesenpieper" Anthus pratensis
  Tree "Baumpieper" Anthus trivialis
Plover (see also Lapwing)
  Common Ringed "Sandregenpfeifer" Charadrius hiaticula
  Little Ringed "Flussregenpfeifer" Charadrius dubius
Pochard (see also Duck, Shelduck, Shoveler, Merganser, Wigeon, Goldeneye) "Ente"
  Common "Tafelente" Aythya ferina

R

Raven (see also Rook, Crow) "Rabe"
  Common "Kolkrabe", "Rabe" Corvus corax
Redstart "Rotschwanz"
  Black "Hausrotschwanz" Phoenicurus ochrurus
  Common "Gartenrotschwanz" Phoenicurus phoenicurus
Reedling, Bearded "Bartmeise" Panurus biarmicus
Robin, European "Rotkehlchen" Erithacus rubecula
Rook (see also Crow, Raven) "Saatkrähe" Corvus frugilegus
Rosefinch (see also Finch, Bunting, Serin, Siskin, Linnet, Yellowhammer)
  Common "Karmingimpel" Carpodacus erythrinus
Ruff "Kampfläufer" Philomachus pugnax

S

Sanderling "Sanderling" Calidris alba
Sandpiper
  Common "Flussuferläufer" Actitis hypoleucos
  Wood "Bruchwasserläufer" Tringa glareola
Serin, European "Girlitz" Serinus serinus
Shag, European (see also Cormorant) "Krähenscharbe" Phalacrocorax aristotelis
Shelduck (see also Duck, Shoveler, Merganser) "Ente"
  Common "Brandgans" Tadorna tadorna
Shoveler, Northern (see also Duck, Shelduck, Merganser) "Löffelente" Anas clypeata
Shrike "Würger"
  Great Grey "Raubwürger" Lanius excubitor
  Red-backed "Neuntöter", "Rotrückenwürger" Lanius collurio
  Woodchat "Rotkopfwürger" Lanius senator
Siskin, Eurasian (see also Finch) "Zeisig" Spinus [Carduelis] spinus
Skylark "Lerche"
  Eurasian "Feldlerche" Alauda arvensis
Snipe
  Common "Bekassine" Gallinago gallinago
Sparrow "Sperling", "Spatz"
  Eurasian Tree "Feldsperling" Passer montanus
  House "Haussperling", "Hausspatz" Passer domesticus
  Spanish "Spanischer Sperling" Passer hispaniolensis
Sparrowhawk, Eurasian (see also Goshawk) "Sperber" Accipiter nisus
Spoonbill, Eurasian "Löffler" Platalea leucorodia
Starling, Common "Star" Sturnus vulgaris
Stilt, Black-winged "Stelzenläufer" Himantopus himantopus
Stone-curlew, Eurasian "Triel", "Eulenkopf", "Glotzauge" Burhinus oedicnemus
Stork, White "Weißstorch" Ciconia ciconia
Storm-Petrel "Sturmschwalbe"
  Wilson's "Buntfuß-Sturmschwalbe" Oceanites oceanicus
Swallow (see also Martin) "Schwalbe"
  Barn "Rauchschwalbe" Hirundo rustica
  Red-rumped "Rötelschwalbe" Cecropsis daurica
Swan, Mute "Höckerschwan", "Schwan" Cygnus olor
Swift "Segler"
  Common "Mauersegler" Apus apus

T

Tern "Seeschwalbe"
  Black "Trauerseeschwalbe" Chlidonias nigra
  Gull-billed "Lachseeschwalbe" Gelochelidon nilotica
  Whiskered "Weißbartseeschwalbe", "Weißbart-Seeschwalbe" Chlidonias hybridus
  White-winged Black "Weißflügelseeschwalbe" Chlidonias leucopterus
Thrush (see also Fieldfare) "Drossel"
  Mistle "Misteldrossel" Turdus viscivorus
Tit "Meise"
  Coal "Tannenmeise" Periparus ater
  Eurasian Blue "Blaumeise" Cyanistes [Parus] caeruleus
  Eurasian Penduline "Beutelmeise" Remiz pendulinus
  European Crested "Haubenmeise" Lophophanes [Parus] cristatus
  Great "Kohlmeise" Parus major
  Long-tailed "Schwanzmeise" Aegithalos caudatus
  Marsh "Sumpfmeise" Poecile palustris
Turnstone, Ruddy "Steinwälzer" Arenaria interpres

W

Wagtail "Stelze"
  Western Yellow "Schafstelze" Motacilla flava
  White "Bachstelze" Motacilla alba
(Acrocephalus) Warbler "Rohrsänger"
  Great Reed "Drosselrohrsänger" Acrocephalus arundinaceus
  Marsh "Sumpfrohrsänger" Acrocephalus palustris
  Sedge "Schilfrohrsänger" Acrocephalus schoenobaenus
(Phylloscopus) Warbler (see also Chiffchaff)
  Willow "Fitis" Phylloscopus trochilus
  Wood "Waldlaubsänger" Phylloscopus sibilatrix
(Sylvia) Warbler
  Barred "Sperbergrasmücke" Sylvia nisoria
  Sardinian "Samtkopfgrasmücke", "Samtkopf-Grasmücke" Sylvia melanocephala
Waxwing, Bohemian "Seidenschwanz" Bombycilla garrulus
Wheatear "Schmätzer"
  Isabelline "Isabellschmätzer" Oenanthe isabellina
Whimbrel (see also Curlew) "Regenbrachvogel" Numenius phaeopus
Whitethroat "Grasmücke"
  Common "Dorngrasmücke" Sylvia communis
  Lesser "Klappergrasmücke" Sylvia curruca
Whinchat (see also Robin) "Braunkehlchen" Saxicola rubetra
Wigeon (see also Duck, Shelduck, Shoveler, Merganser, Goldeneye)
  Eurasian "Pfeifente" Anas penelope
Woodpecker "Specht"
  Black "Schwarzspecht" Dryocopus martius
  European Green "Grünspecht" Picus viridis
  Great Spotted "Buntspecht" Dendrocopos major
  Middle Spotted "Mittelspecht" Dendrocopos medius
Wren
  Eurasian "Zaunkönig" Troglodytes troglodytes

Y

Yellowhammer (see also Finch, Bunting) "Goldammer" Emberiza citrinella