European birds    Bird names   News   Family groups 1-26    Glossary    Plumage    Tips    Thumbnails    Gen. info    Credits    Photos for sale   
NON-PASSERINES     1    2    3    4    5    6    7    8    9    10     11     12     13     14 15     16     17     18     19     20     21     22     23     24     25     26     PASSERINES
Common names sorted alphabetically: A   B   C   D   E   F   G   H   I   J   K   L   M   N   O   P   Q   R   S   T   V   W   Y  

European bird names

For all practical purposes the NEW, modern names for birds, as listed below, should be used.

Alternative (often old) names are given for many bird species on their respective pages. They are provided for the benefit of those who have grown up with the old names. Use the search engine to find the bird species under its modern name. Note that many old names are not unique (marked with "*"), some are misnomers and in some cases new scientific research has led to entirely new names for bird species (including their scientific classifications). Wherever known to us, we list both the German and English names of species, together with the scientific name. This table is in alphabetical order of the ENGLISH common names.

Complete index of European bird species

NOTE: Only birds native to Europe are listed here. No introduced species are listed or shown.

European bird species are listed alphabetically by their English common names (e.g., "Blackbird, Common"), by their German common names (e.g., "Amsel") and by their scientific names (e.g., "Turdus merula"). To search for a bird species with a composite name, such as "Common Blackbird", go to the letter "B" for "Blackbird, Common". Alternatively, use the search engine in the header above.

English common name                             German common name                             Scientific name
A   B   C   D   E   F   G   H   I   J   K   L   M   N   O   P   Q   R   S   T   V   W   Y  
(Sorted by first letter of COMMON ENGLISH name; letters are clickable)

A

(Accentor, Alpine) ("Alpenbraunelle") (Prunella collaris)
Albatross "Albatros"
  Black-browed "Schwarzbrauenalbatros" Thalassarche melanophris
Avocet, Pied "Säbelschnäbler" Recurvirostra avosetta

B

Bee-eater
  European "(Europäischer) Bienenfresser" Merops apiaster
   (Blue-cheeked) ("Blauwangenspint") (Merops persicus)
Bittern "Dommel"
   (Eurasian) ("Rohrdommel") (Botaurus stellaris)
  Little "Zwergdommel" Ixobrychus minutus
Blackbird, Common (see also Fieldfare, Thrush, Redwing, Ouzel) "Amsel" Turdus merula
Blackcap, Eurasian (see also Sylvia Warbler) "Mönchsgrasmücke" Sylvia atricapilla
(Bluetail, Red-flanked) ("Blauschwanz") (Parsiger cyanurus)
Bluethroat "Blaukehlchen" Luscinia svecica
(Booby, Masked) ("Maskentölpel") (Sula dactylatra)
Brambling "Bergfink", "Nordfink" Fringilla montifringilla
Bullfinch, Eurasian "Gimpel", "Dompfaff", "Blutfink" Pyrrhula pyrrhula
Bunting (see also Finch, Serin, Siskin, Linnet, Yellowhammer) "Ammer"
   (Black-faced) ("Maskenammer") (Emberiza spodocephala)
  Black-headed "Kappenammer" Emberiza melanocephala
   (Chestnut) ("Rötelammer") (Emberiza rutila)
  Cirl "Zaunammer" Emberiza cirlus
  Common Reed "Rohrammer" Emberiza schoeniclus
  Corn "Grauammer" Emberiza calandra
   (Cretzschmar's) ("Grauortolan", "Grauer Ortolan", "Rostbartortolan", "Rostammer") (Emberiza caesia)
   (Lapland) ("Spornammer") (Calcarius lapponicus)
   (Little) ("Zwergammer") (Emberiza pusilla)
  Ortolan "Ortolan" Emberiza hortulana
   (Pine) ("Fichtenammer") (Emberiza leucocephalos)
   (Red-headed) ("Braunkopfammer") (Emberiza bruniceps)
  Rock "Felsenammer" Emberiza cia
   (Rustic) ("Waldammer") (Emberiza rustica)
   (Snow) ("Schneeammer") (Plectrophenax nivalis)
   (Yellow-browed) ("Gelbbrauenammer") (Emberiza chrysophrys)
   (Yellow-breasted) ("Weidenammer") (Emberiza aureola)
(Bustard)
   (Great) ("Großtrappe") (Otis tarda)
   (Little) ("Zwergtrappe") (Tetrax tetrax)
Buzzard "Bussard"
  Common "Mäusebussard" Buteo buteo
  European Honey "Wespenbussard" Pernis apivorus
  Long-legged "Adlerbussard" Buteo rufinus
  Rough-legged "Raufußbussard" Buteo lagopus

C

Canary, Atlantic (see also Serin) "Kanarengirlitz" Serinus canaria
(Capercaillie, Western (see also Grouse)) ("Auerhuhn") (Tetrao urogallus)
Chaffinch
  Common "Buchfink" Fringilla coelebs
   (Blue) ("Teidefink") (Fringilla teydea)
Chiffchaff (see also [Phylloscopus] Warbler) "Zilpzalp"
   (Canary Islands) ("Kanarenzilpzalp") (Phylloscopus canariensis)
  Common "Zilpzalp", "Weidenlaubsänger" Phylloscopus collybita
  Iberian "Iberienzilpzalp" Phylloscopus ibericus
Chough "Dohle"
  Alpine "Alpendohle" Pyrrhocorax graculus
  Red-billed "Alpenkrähe" Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax
Cisticola, Zitting "Zistensänger" Cisticola juncidis
Coot "Blässhuhn"
   (American) ("Amerikanisches Blässhuhn") (Fulica americana)
  Eurasian "Blässhuhn", "Blässralle" ("Blesshuhn", "Blessralle") Fulica atra
  Red-knobbed "Kammblässhuhn" Fulica cristata
Cormorant (see also Shag) "Kormoran"
  Great "Kormoran" Phalacrocorax carbo
   (Pygmy) ("Zwergscharbe") (Microcarbo pygmaeus)
(Courser, Cream-coloured) ("Rennvogel") (Cursorius cursor)
Crake
  Baillon's "Zwergsumpfhuhn" Porzana pusilla
   (Corn) ("Wachtelkönig", "Wiesenralle", "Wiesenknarre") (Crex crex)
   (Little) ("Kleines Sumpfhuhn") (Porzana parva)
   (Spotted) ("Tüpfelsumpfhuhn") (Porzana porzana)
Crane "Kranich"
  Common "Kranich" Grus grus
   (Demoiselle) ("Jungfernkranich") (Grus virgo)
   (Sandhill) ("Kanadakranich") (Grus canadensis)
Crow (see also Rook, Raven) "Krähe"
  Carrion "Aaskrähe" Corvus corone
  Hooded "Nebelkrähe" Corvus cornix
Crossbill "Kreuzschnabel"
  Common "Fichtenkreuzschnabel" Loxia curvirostra
   (Parrot) ("Kiefernkreuzschnabel") (Loxia pytyopsittacus)
   (Scottish) ("Schottlandkreuzschnabel") (Loxia scotica)
   (Two-barred) ("Bindenkreuzschnabel", "Zweibindiger Kreuzschnabel") (Loxia leucoptera)
Cuckoo "Kuckuck"
  Common "Kuckuck" Cuculus canorus
  Great Spotted "Häherkuckuck" Clamator glandarius
   (Oriental) ("Horsfieldkuckuck") (Cuculus optatus)
Curlew (see also Whimbrel)
  Eurasian "Großer Brachvogel" Numenius arquata
  Little "Zwergbrachvogel" Numenius minutus

D

Dipper, White-throated "Wasseramsel", "Eurasische Wasseramsel" Cinclus cinclus
(Dotterel, Eurasian) ("Mornellregenpfeifer") (Charadrius morinellus)
Dove (see also Pigeon) "Taube"
  Eurasian Collared "Türkentaube" Streptopelia decaocto
  European Turtle "Turteltaube" Streptopelia turtur
   (Mourning) ("Carolinataube") (Zenaida macroura)
   (Oriental Turtle) ("Orientturteltaube") (Streptopelia orientalis)
  Rock "Felsentaube" Columba livia
  Stock "Hohltaube" Columba oenas
(Dowitcher, Long-billed) ("Großer Schlammläufer") (Limnodromus scolopaceus)
Duck (see also Shelduck, Shoveler, Merganser, Goosander, Wigeon, Goldeneye, Pochard, Teal, Mallard) "Ente"
   (American Black) ("Dunkelente") (Anas rubripes)
  Common Eider "Eiderente" Somateria mollissima
  Common Scoter "Trauerente" Melanitta nigra
  Common Shel- "Brandgans" Tadorna tadorna
  Eurasian Teal "Krickente" Anas crecca
   (Falcated) ("Sichelente") (Anas falcata)
  Ferruginous "Moorente" Aythya nyroca
   (King Eider) ("Prachteiderente") (Somateria spectabilis)
   (Long-tailed) ("Eisente") (Clangula hyemalis)
   (Marbled) ("Marmelente") (Marmaronetta angustirostris)
  Northern Pintail "Spießente" Anas acuta
  Ring-necked "Ringschnabelente" Aythya collaris
  Tufted "Reiherente" Aythya fuligula
   (Steller's Eider) ("Scheckente") (Polysticta stelleri)
  Velvet Scoter "Samtente", "Samt-Ente" Melanitta fusca
   (White-headed) ("Weißkopfruderente", "Weisskopfruderente", "Ruderente") (Oxyura leucocephala)
Dunlin "Alpenstrandläufer" Calidris alpina
Dunnock "Heckenbraunelle" Prunella modularis

E

Eagle "Adler"
  Bonelli's "Habichtsadler" Aquila fasciata
  Booted "Zwergadler" Hieraaetus pennatus [Aquila pennata]
   (Eastern Imperial) ("Östlicher Kaiseradler") (Aquila heliaca)
  Golden "Steinadler" Aquila chrysaetos
   (Greater Spotted) ("Schelladler") (Clanga clanga)
   (Lesser Spotted) ("Schreiadler") (Clanga pomarina)
   (Pallas's Fish-) ("Bindenseeadler") (Haliaeetus leucoryphus)
  Short-toed Snake "Schlangenadler" Circaetus gallicus
  Spanish Imperial "Spanischer Kaiseradler" Aquila adalberti
   (Steppe) ("Steppenadler") (Aquila nipalensis)
  White-tailed "Seeadler" Haliaeetus albicilla
Egret (see also Heron) "Reiher"
  Cattle "Kuhreiher" Bubulcus ibis
  Great [White] "Silberreiher" Ardea alba
  Little "Seidenreiher" Ardea [Egretta] garzetta
Eider (see also Duck)
  Common "Eiderente" Somateria mollissima
   (King) ("Prachteiderente") (Somateria spectabilis)
   (Steller's) ("Scheckente") (Polysticta stelleri)

F

Falcon (see also Kestrel, Merlin, Hobby) "Falke"
   (American) ("Amurfalke") (Falco amurensis)
   (Eleonora's) ("Eleonorenfalke") (Falco eleonorae)
  Gyr- "Gerfalke", "Jagdfalke", "Gierfalke" Falco rusticolus
   (Lanner) ("Lanner") (Falco biarmicus)
  Peregrine "Wanderfalke" Falco peregrinus
   (Red-footed) ("Rotfußfalke") (Falco vespertinus)
   (Saker) ("Würgfalke") (Falco cherrug)
Fieldfare (see also Thrush, Blackbird, Redwing) "Wacholderdrossel" Turdus pilaris
Finch (see also Bunting, Serin, Siskin, Linnet, Yellowhammer) "Fink"
   (Citril) ("Zitronenzeisig") (Carduelis citrinella)
  Common Rose- "Karmingimpel" Carpodacus erythrinus
   (Corsican) ("Korsenzeisig") (Carduelis corsicana)
  Eurasian Bull- "Gimpel", "Dompfaff", "Blutfink" Pyrrhula pyrrhula
  European Gold- "Stieglitz", "Distelfink" Carduelis carduelis
  European Green- "Grünfink", "Grünling" Chloris chloris
   (Great Rose-) ("Berggimpel") (Carpodacus rubicilla)
  Trumpeter "Wüstentrompeter", "Wüstengimpel", "Wüsten-Gimpel" Bucanetes githagineus
   (White-winged Snow) ("Schneesperling") (Montifringilla nivalis)
Firecrest
  Common "Sommergoldhähnchen" Regulus ignicapillus
   (Madeiran) ("Madeiragoldhähnchen", "Sommer-Goldhähnchen") (Regulus madeirensis)
Flamingo, Greater "Rosaflamingo" Phoenicopterus roseus
Flycatcher (see also Whitethroat, Warbler)
  Collared "Halsbandschnäpper" Ficedula albicollis
  European Pied "Trauerschnäpper" Ficedula hypoleuca
   (Red-breasted) ("Zwergschnäpper") (Ficedula parva)
  Semicollared "Halbringschnäpper" Ficedula semitorquata
  Spotted "Grauer Fliegenschnäpper", "Grauschnäpper" Muscicapa striata
   (Taiga) ("Taigaschnäpper") (Ficedula albicilla)
(Frigatebird, Magnificent) ("Prachtfregattvogel") (Fregata magnificens)
(Fulmar, Northern) ("Eissturmvogel") (Fulmarus glacialis)

G

Gadwall (see also Duck, Shelduck, Merganser, Goosander, Shoveler) "Schnatterente" Mareca [Anas] strepera
(Gallinule)
   (Allen's) ("Bronzesultanshuhn") (Porphyrio alleni)
   (American Purple) ("Zwergsultanshuhn") (Porphyrio martinicus)
Gannet, Northern "Basstölpel" Morus bassanus
Garganey (see also Duck, Shelduck, Merganser, Goosander, Shoveler) "Knäkente" Anas querquedula
Godwit "Schnepfe"
  Bar-tailed "Pfuhlschnepfe" Limosa lapponica
  Black-tailed "Uferschnepfe" Limosa limosa
   (Hudsonian) ("Hudsonschnepfe") (Limosa haemastica)
Goldcrest "Wintergoldhähnchen" Regulus regulus
Goldeneye (see also Duck, Shelduck, Shoveler, Merganser, Goosander, Wigeon)
  Common "Schellente" Bucephala clangula
Goosander (see also Merganser, Duck, Shelduck, Shoveler) "Gänsesäger" Mergus merganser
Goose "Gans"
  Barnacle "Weißwangengans", "Nonnengans" Branta leucopsis
   (Bean) ("Saatgans") (Anser fabalis)
   (Brent) ("Ringelgans") (Branta bernicla)
  Canada "Kanadagans" Branta canadensis
  Greater White-fronted "Blässgans" Anser albifrons
  Greylag "Graugans" Anser anser
   (Lesser White-fronted) ("Zwerggans") (Anser erythropus)
   (Pink-footed) ("Kurzschnabelgans") (Anser brachyrhynchus)
   (Red-breasted) ("Rothalsgans") (Branta ruficollis)
(Goshawk, Northern) ("Habicht") (Accipiter gentilis)
Grebe "Taucher"
  Black-necked "Schwarzhalstaucher" Podiceps nigricollis
  Great Crested "Haubentaucher" Podiceps cristatus
  Little "Zwergtaucher" Tachybaptus ruficollis
   (Red-necked) ("Rothalstaucher") (Podiceps grisegena)
   (Slavonian) ("Ohrentaucher") (Podiceps auritus)
Greenshank, Common "Grünschenkel" Tringa nebularis
(Grosbeak, Pine) ("Hakengimpel", "Fichtengimpel") (Pinicola enucleator)
(Grouse (see also Capercaillie))
   (Black) ("Birkhuhn") (Lyrurus tetrix)
   (Hazel) ("Haselhuhn") (Tetrastes bonasia)
   (Red) ("Moorschneehuhn") (Lagopus lagopus scotica)
Guillemot
  Black "Gryllteiste" Cepphus grylle
   (Brünnich's) ("Dickschnabellumme") (Uria lomvia)
  Common "Trottellumme" Uria aalge
Gull "Möwe"
  American Herring "Kanadamöwe" Larus smithsonianus
  Audouin's "Korallenmöwe" Ichthyaetus [Larus] audouinii
  Black-headed "Lachmöwe" Chroicocephalus ridibundus
  Bonaparte's "Bonapartemöwe" Chroicocephalus philadelphia
  Caspian "Steppenmöwe", "Weisskopfmöwe" Larus cachinnans
  Common "Sturmmöwe" Larus canus
  European Herring "Silbermöwe" Larus argentatus
   (Franklin's) ("Präriemöwe") (Leucophaeus pipixcan)
   (Glaucous) ("Eismöwe") (Larus hyperboreus)
  Great Black-backed "Mantelmöwe" Larus marinus
   (Heuglin's) ("Tundramöwe") (Larus heuglini)
  Iceland "Polarmöwe" Larus glaucoides
   (Ivory) ("Elfenbeinmöwe") (Pagophila eburnea)
   (Laughing) ("Lachmöwe", "Aztekenmöwe") (Leucophaeus atricilla)
  Lesser Black-backed "Heringsmöwe" Larus fuscus
  Little "Zwergmöwe" Hydrocoloeus minutus
  Mediterranean "Mittelmeermöwe" Larus melanocephalus
   (Pallas's) ("Fischmöwe") (Ichthyaetus ichthyaetus)
  Ring-billed "Ringschnabelmöwe" Larus delawarensis
   (Ross's) ("Rosenmöwe") (Rhodostethia rosea)
   (Sabine's) ("Schwalbenmöwe") (Xema sabini)
  Slender-billed "Dünnschnabelmöwe" Chroicocephalus genei
  Yellow-legged "Mittelmeermöwe" Larus michahellis

H

Harrier "Weihe"
  Hen "Kornweihe" cyaneus
  Montagu's "Wiesenweihe" pygargus
  Pallid "Steppenweihe" macrourus
  Western Marsh "Rohrweihe" Circus aeruginosus
Hawfinch (see also Finch) "Kernbeisser" Coccothraustes coccothraustes
Heron (see also Egret) "Reiher"
  Black-crowned Night "Nachtreiher" Nycticorax nycticorax
  Green "Grünreiher" Butorides virescens
  Grey "Graureiher" Ardea cinerea
  Squacco "Rallenreiher" Ardeola ralloides
  Purple "Purpurreiher" Ardea purpurea
  Striated "Mangrovenreiher" Butorides striatus
Hobby, Eurasian (see also Falcon, Merlin, Kestrel) "Baumfalke" Falco subbuteo
Hoopoe "Wiedehopf" Upupa epops

I

Ibis, Glossy "Braunsichler", "Brauner Sichler" Plegadis falcinellus

J

Jackdaw, Western "Dohle" Corvus monedula
Jay
  Eurasian "Eichelhäher" Garrulus glandarius
   (Siberian) ("Unglückshäher") (Perisoreus infaustus)

K

Kestrel (see also Falcon) "Falke"
   (American) ("Buntfalke") (Falco sparverius)
  Common "Turmfalke" Falco tinnunculus
   (Lesser) ("Rötelfalke") (Falco naumanni)
Kingfisher
   (Belted) ("Gürtelfischer") (Megaceryle alcyon)
  Common "Eisvogel" Alcedo atthis
   (Pied) ("Graufischer") (Ceryle rudis)
Kite
  Black "Schwarzer Milan", "Schwarzmilan" Milvus migrans
  Black-winged "Gleitaar" Elanus caeruleus
  Red "Roter Milan", "Rotmilan", "Gabelweihe", "Königsweihe" Milvus milvus
(Kittiwake, Black-legged) ("Dreizehenmöwe") (Rissa tridactyla)
Knot
   (Great) ("Hudsonschnepfe") (Calidris tenuirostris)
  Red "Knutt" Calidris canutus

L

Lammergeier "Lämmergeier", "Bartgeier" Gypaetus barbatus
Lapwing (see also Plover)
  Northern "Kiebitz" Vanellus vanellus
   (Sociable) ("Steppenkiebitz") (Vanellus gregarius)
  Spur-winged "Spornkiebitz" Vanellus spinosus
   (White-tailed) ("Weißschwanzkiebitz") (Vanellus leucurus)
Lark
   (Black) ("Schwarzsteppenlerche") (Melanocorypha yeltoniensis)
   (Calandra) ("Kalanderlerche") (Melanocorypha calandra)
  Crested "Haubenlerche" Galerida cristata
   (Dupont's) ("Dupontlerche") (Chersophilus duponti)
  Eurasian Sky- "Feldlerche" Alauda arvensis
  Greater Short-toed "Kurzzehenlerche" Calandrella brachydactyla
   (Horned) ("Ohrenlerche") (Eremophila alpestris)
   (Lesser Short-toed) ("Stummellerche") (Alaudala rufescens)
  Thekla's "Theklalerche" Galerida theklae
   (White-winged) ("Weißflügellerche") (Alauda leucoptera)
  Wood "Heidelerche" Lullula arborea
Linnet, Common "Hänfling", "Bluthänfling" Linaria cannabina
(Loon)
   (Black-throated) ("Prachttaucher") (Gavia arctica)
   (Great Northern) ("Eistaucher") (Gavia immer)
   (Red-throated) ("Sterntaucher") (Gavia stellata)
   (Yellow-billed) ("Gelbschnabel-eistaucher") (Gavia adamsii)

M

Magpie "Elster"
  Eurasian "Elster" Pica pica
  Iberian "Blauelster" Cyanopica cooki
Mallard "Stockente", "Wilde Ente", "Märzente" Anas platyrhynchos
Martin (see also Swallow) "Schwalbe"
  Common House "Mehlschwalbe" Delichon urbicum
  Eurasian Crag "Felsenschwalbe" Ptyonoprogne rupestris
  Sand "Uferschwalbe" Riparia riparia
Merganser (see also Duck, Shelduck, Shoveler, Goosander) "Säger"
  Red-breasted "Mittelsäger" Mergus serrator
Merlin (see also Falcon, Kestrel) "Merlin" Falco columbarius
Moorhen, Common "Teichralle", "Teichhuhn", "Rotbläßchen", "Grünfüssiges Teichhuhn" Gallinula chloropus

N

(Needletail, White-throated) ("Stachelschwanzsegler") (Hirundapus caudacutus)
Nightingale
  Common "Nachtigall" Luscinia megarhynchos
   (Thrush) ("Sprosser") (Luscinia luscinia)
Nightjar
  European "Ziegenmelker" Caprimulgus europaeus
   (Red-necked) ("Rothals-Ziegenmelker") (Caprimulgus ruficollis)
(Nutcracker, Spotted) ("Tannenhäher") (Nucifraga caryocatactes)
Albatross "Albatros"
Nuthatch
   (Corsican) ("Korsenkleiber") (Sitta whiteheadi)
  Eurasian "Kleiber", "Spechtmeise" Sitta europaea
  Western Rock "Felsenkleiber" Sitta neumayer

O

Oriole, Eurasian Golden "Pirol", "Pfingstvogel", "Goldamsel" Oriolus oriolus
Osprey "Fischadler" Pandion haliaetus
Ouzel, Ring (see also Fieldfare, Thrush, Redwing, Blackbird) "Ringdrossel" Turdus torquatus
Owl "Eule", "Kauz"
  Eurasian Eagle "Uhu" Bubo bubo
   (Eurasian Pygmy-) ("Sperlingskauz") (Glaucidium passerinum)
   (Eurasian Scops) ("Zwergohreule") (Otus scops)
   (Great Grey) ("Bartkauz") (Strix nebulosa)
  Little "Steinkauz" Athene noctua
  Long-eared "Waldohreule" Asio otus
   (Northern Hawk) ("Sperbereule") (Surnia ulula)
   (Short-eared) ("Sumpfohreule") (Asio flammeus)
   (Snowy) ("Schnee-Eule", "Schneeeule") (Bubo scandiacus)
   (Tawny) ("Waldkauz") (Strix aluco)
   (Tengmalm's) ("Raufußkauz") (Aegolius funereus)
   (Ural) ("Habichtskauz") (Strix uralensis)
Oystercatcher, Eurasian "Austernfischer" Haematopus ostralegus

P

Partridge
  Barbary "Felsenhuhn" Alectoris barbara
  Grey "Rebhuhn" Perdix perdix
  Red-legged "Rothuhn" Alectoris rufa
   (Rock) ("Steinhuhn") (Alectoris graeca)
Pelican
   (Dalmatian) ("Krauskopfpelikan") (Pelecanus crispus)
  Great White "Rosapelikan" Pelecanus onocrotalus
   (Pink-backed) ("Rötelpelikan") (Pelecanus rufescens)
(Phalarope)
   (Red) ("Thorshühnchen") (Phalaropus fulicarius)
   (Red-necked) ("Odinshühnchen") (Phalaropus lobatus)
   (Wilson's) ("Wilsonwassertreter") (Phalaropus tricolor)
Pheasant, Common "Jagdfasan", "Fasan" Phasianus colchicus
(Pigeon)
   (Bolle's) ("Bolles Lorbeertaube") (Columba bollii)
   (Laurel) ("Lorbeertaube") (Columba junoniae)
   (Trocaz) ("Silberhalstaube") (Columba trocaz)
Pintail (see also Duck) "Ente"
  Northern "Spießente" Anas acuta
Pipit
   (Berthelot's) ("Kanarenpieper") (Anthus berthelotii)
   (Blyth's) ("Steppenpieper") (Anthus godlewskii)
   (Buff-bellied) ("Pazifikpieper") (Anthus rubescens)
  Meadow "Wiesenpieper" Anthus pratensis
   (Olive-backed) ("Waldpieper") (Anthus hodgsoni)
   (Pechora) ("Petschorapieper") (Anthus gustavi)
   (Red-throated) ("Rotkehlpieper") (Anthus cervinus)
   (Richard's) ("Spornpieper") (Anthus richardi)
   (Rock) ("Strandpieper") (Anthus petrosus)
  Tawny "Brachpieper" Anthus campestris
  Tree "Baumpieper" Anthus trivialis
  Water "Wasserpieper" Anthus spinoletta
Plover (see also Lapwing)
   (Caspian) ("Wermutregenpfeifer") (Charadrius asiaticus)
  Common Ringed "Sandregenpfeifer" Charadrius hiaticula
  European Golden "Goldregenpfeifer" Pluvialis apricaria
   (Greater Sand) ("Wüstenregenpfeifer") (Charadrius leschenaultii)
  Grey "Kiebitzregenpfeifer" Pluvialis squatarola
  Kentish "Seeregenpfeifer" Charadrius alexandrinus
  Little Ringed "Flussregenpfeifer" Charadrius dubius
   (Pacific Golden) ("Pazifischer Goldregenpfeifer", "Sibirischer Goldregenpfeifer", "Tundra-Goldregenpfeifer") (Pluvialis fulva)
   (Semi-palmated) ("Amerikanischer Sandregenpfeifer") (Charadrius semipalmatus)
   (White-tailed) ("Weißschwanzkiebitz") (Vanellus leucurus)
Pochard (see also Duck, Shelduck, Shoveler, Merganser, Wigeon, Goldeneye) "Ente"
  Common "Tafelente" Aythya ferina
  Red-crested "Kolbenente" Netta rufina
Pratincole
   (Black-winged) ("Schwarzflügel-Brachschwalbe") (Glareola nordmanni)
  Collared "Rotflügel-Brachschwalbe" Glareola pratincola
   (Oriental) ("Orientbrachschwalbe") (Glareola maldivarum)
(Ptarmigan)
   (Rock) ("Alpenschneehuhn") (Lagopus muta)
   (Willow) ("Moorschneehuhn") (Lagopus lagopus lagopus)
Puffin, Atlantic "Papageitaucher" Fratercula arctica

Q

Quail, Common "Europäische Wachtel" Coturnix coturnix

R

(Rail, Water) ("Wasserralle") (Rallus aquaticus)
Raven (see also Rook, Crow) "Rabe"
  Common "Kolkrabe", "Rabe" Corvus corax
Razorbill "Tordalk" Alca torda
Redpoll
  Arctic "Polar-Birkenzeisig" Carduelis [Acanthis] hornemanni
  Common "Birkenzeisig", "Leinfink" Carduelis [Acanthis] flammea
Redshank
  Common "Rotschenkel" Tringa totanus
  Spotted "Dunkelwasserläufer", "Dunkler Wasserläufer" Tringa erythropus
Redstart "Rotschwanz"
  Black "Hausrotschwanz" Phoenicurus ochruros
  Common "Gartenrotschwanz" Phoenicurus phoenicurus
   (Güldenstädt's) ("Riesenrotschwanz") (Phoenicurus erythrogastrus)
Redwing "Rotdrossel" Turdus iliacus
Reedling, Bearded "Bartmeise" Panurus biarmicus
Robin
   (American) ("Wanderdrossel") (Turdus migratorius)
  European "Rotkehlchen" Erithacus rubecula
   (Rufous-tailed Scrub) ("Heckensänger") (Cercotrichas galactotes)
Rock Thrush
  Blue "Blaumerle" Monticola solitarius
  Common "Steinrötel" Monticola saxatilis
Rook (see also Crow, Raven) "Saatkrähe" Corvus frugilegus
Roller "Racke"
  European "Blauracke", "Mandelkrähe" Coracias garrulus
Rosefinch (see also Finch, Bunting, Serin, Siskin, Linnet, Yellowhammer)
  Common "Karmingimpel" Carpodacus erythrinus
   (Great) ("Berggimpel") (Carpodacus rubicilla)
(Rubythroat, Siberian) ("Rubinkehlchen") (Calliope calliope)
Ruff "Kampfläufer" Philomachus pugnax

S

Sanderling "Sanderling" Calidris alba
(Sandgrouse)
   (Black-bellied) ("Sandflughuhn") (Pterocles orientalis)
   (Pin-tailed) ("Spießflughuhn") (Pterocles alchata)
Sandpiper
   (Baird's) ("Bairdstrandläufer") (Calidris bairdii)
   (Broad-billed) ("Sumpfläufer") (Calidris falcinellus)
   (Buff-breasted) ("Grasläufer") (Calidris subruficollis)
  Common "Flussuferläufer" Actitis hypoleucos
  Curlew "Sichelstrandläufer" Calidris ferruginea
  Green "Waldwasserläufer" Tringa ochropus
   (Marsh) ("Teichwasserläufer") (Tringa stagnatilis)
   (Pectoral) ("Graubruststrandläfer", "Graubrust-Strandläfer") (Calidris melanotos)
  Purple "Meerstrandläufer" Calidris maritima
   (Semi-palmated) ("Sandstrandläufer") (Calidris pusilla)
   (Sharp-tailed) ("Spitzschwanz-Strandläufer") (Calidris acuminata)
   (Spotted) ("Drosseluferläufer") (Actitis macularius)
   (Stilt) ("Bindenstrandläufer") (Calidris himantopus)
   (Terek) ("Terekwasserläufer") (Xenus cinereus)
   (Upland) ("Prärieläufer") (Bartramia longicauda)
   (Western) ("Bergstrandläufer") (Calidris mauri)
   (White-rumped) ("Weißbürzel-Strandläufer") (Calidris fuscicollis)
  Wood "Bruchwasserläufer" Tringa glareola
Scoter (see also Duck)
  Common "Trauerente" Melanitta nigra
  Velvet "Samtente", "Samt-Ente" Melanitta fusca
Serin (see also Canary, Finch, Bunting, Sparrow)
  European "Girlitz" Serinus serinus
  Red-fronted "Rotstirngirlitz" Serinus pusillus
Shag, European (see also Cormorant) "Krähenscharbe" Phalacrocorax aristotelis
Shearwater "Sturmtaucher"
   (Balearic) ("Mittelmeersturmtaucher") (Puffinus mauretanicus)
  Cory's "Corysturmtaucher", "Gelbschnabelsturmtaucher" Calonectris borealis
  Great "Grosser Sturmtaucher" Ardenna gravis
   (Macaronesian) ("Barolosturmtaucher", "Kleinsturmtaucher-baroli", "Kleiner Sturmtaucher", "Makaronesischer Sturmtaucher") (Puffinus baroli)
   (Manx) ("Atlantiksturmtaucher") (Puffinus puffinus)
   (Scopoli's) ("Sepiasturmtaucher") (Calonectris diomedea)
  Sooty "Dunkler Sturmtaucher" Ardenna grisea
   (Yelkouan) ("Schwarzschnabelsturmtaucher") (Puffinus yelkouan)
Shelduck (see also Duck, Shoveler, Merganser) "Ente"
  Common "Brandgans" Tadorna tadorna
  Ruddy "Rostgans", "Rostkasarka" Tadorna ferruginea
Shoveler, Northern (see also Duck, Shelduck, Merganser) "Löffelente" Spatula [Anas] clypeata
Shrike "Würger"
   (Brown) ("Braunwürger") (Lanius cristatus)
  Great Grey "Raubwürger" Lanius excubitor
  Iberian Grey "Mittelmeer-Raubwürger" Lanius meridionalis
   (Lesser Grey) ("Schwarzstirnwürger") (Lanius minor)
   (Long-tailed) ("Schachwürger") (Lanius schach)
   (Masked) ("Maskenwürger") (Lanius nubicus)
  Red-backed "Neuntöter", "Rotrückenwürger" Lanius collurio
  Woodchat "Rotkopfwürger" Lanius senator
   (Turkestan) ("Rotschwanzwürger") (Lanius phoenicuroides)
Siskin, Eurasian (see also Finch) "Zeisig" Spinus spinus
Skua
   (Arctic) ("Schmarotzerraubmöwe") (Stercorarius parasiticus)
  Great "Große Raubmöwe" Stercorarius skua
   (Long-tailed) ("Falkenraubmöwe") (Stercorarius longicaudus)
Skylark "Lerche"
  Eurasian "Feldlerche" Alauda arvensis
(Smew) ("Zwergente", "Schmeiente", "Schmünte") (Mergellus albellus)
Snipe
  Common "Bekassine" Gallinago gallinago
   (Great) ("Doppelschnepfe") (Gallinago media)
   (Jack) ("Zwergschnepfe") (Lymnocryptes minimus)
(Snowfinch, White-winged) ("Schneesperling") (Montifringilla nivalis)
Sparrow "Sperling", "Spatz"
  Eurasian Tree "Feldsperling" Passer montanus
  House "Haussperling", "Hausspatz" Passer domesticus
  Rock "Steinsperling", "Steinsperling-petronia" Petronia petronia
   (Song) ("Singammer") (Melospiza melodia)
  Spanish "Spanischer Sperling" Passer hispaniolensis
Sparrowhawk (see also Goshawk)
  Eurasian "Sperber" Accipiter nisus
   (Levant) ("Kurzfangsperber") (Accipiter brevipes)
Spoonbill, Eurasian "Löffler" Platalea leucorodia
Starling "Star"
  Common "Star" Sturnus vulgaris
   (Rose-coloured) ("Rosenstar") (Pastor roseus)
  Spotless "Einfarbstar" Sturnus unicolor
Stilt, Black-winged "Stelzenläufer" Himantopus himantopus
Stint "Strandläufer"
  Little "Zwergstrandläufer" Calidris minuta
   (Long-toed) ("Langzehen-Strandläufer") (Calidris subminuta)
   (Red-necked) ("Rotkehl-Strandläufer") (Calidris ruficollis)
  Temminck's "Temminckstrandläufer" Calidris temminckii
Stonechat
  European "Schwarzkehlchen" Saxicola rubicola
   (Fuerteventura) ("Kanarenschmätzer") (Saxicola dacotiae)
Stone-curlew, Eurasian "Triel", "Eulenkopf", "Glotzauge" Burhinus oedicnemus
Stork "Storch"
  Black "Schwarzstorch" Ciconia nigra
  White "Weißstorch" Ciconia ciconia
   (Yellow-billed) ("Nimmersatt") (Mycteria ibis)
Storm-Petrel "Sturmschwalbe"
  European "Sturmschwalbe" Hydrobates pelagicus
   (Leach's) ("Wellenläufer") (Oceanodroma leucorhoa)
   (Madeiran) ("Madeirawellenläufer") (Oceanodroma castro)
  Wilson's "Buntfuß-Sturmschwalbe" Oceanites oceanicus
Swallow (see also Martin) "Schwalbe"
  Barn "Rauchschwalbe" Hirundo rustica
   (Cliff) ("Rostschläfenschwalbe") (Petrochelidon pyrrhonota)
  Red-rumped "Rötelschwalbe" Cecropsis daurica
Swamphen
  Western "Purpurhuhn" Porphyrio porphyrio
Swan "Schwan"
  Mute "Höckerschwan", "Schwan" Cygnus olor
   (Tundra) ("Zwergschwan") (Cygnus columbianus)
  Whooper "Singschwan" Cygnus cygnus
Swift "Segler"
   (Alpine) ("Alpensegler") (Tachymarptis melba)
   (Chimney) ("Schornsteinsegler") (Chaetura pelagica)
  Common "Mauersegler" Apus apus
   (Little) ("Haussegler") (Apus affinis)
   (Pacific) ( "Pazifiksegler") (Apus pacificus)
  Pallid "Fahlsegler" Apus pallidus
   (Plain) ("Einfarbsegler") (Apus unicolor)
   (White-rumped) ("Kaffernsegler") (Apus caffer)

T

Teal (see also Shelduck, Shoveler, Merganser, Goosander, Wigeon, Goldeneye, Pochard, Mallard)
  Eurasian "Krickente" Anas crecca
Tern "Seeschwalbe"
  Arctic "Küstenseeschwalbe" Sterna paradisaea
  Black "Trauerseeschwalbe" Chlidonias nigra
   (Bridled) ("Zügelseeschwalbe") (Onychoprion anaethetus)
  Caspian "Raubseeschwalbe" Hydroprogne caspia
  Common "Flussseeschwalbe", "Flußseeschwalbe", "Fluß-Seeschwalbe" Sterna hirundo
   (Elegant) ("Schmuckseeschwalbe") (Thalasseus elegans)
  Forster's "Forster-Seeschwalbe" Sterna forsteri
  Gull-billed "Lachseeschwalbe" Gelochelidon nilotica
   (Lesser Crested) ("Rüppellseeschwalbe") (Thalasseus bengalensis)
  Little "Zwergseeschwalbe" Sternula albifrons
   (Roseate) ("Rosenseeschwalbe") (Sterna dougallii)
   (Royal) ("Königs-Seeschwalbe") (Thalasseus maximus)
  Sandwich "Brandseeschwalbe" Thalasseus sandvicensis
  Whiskered "Weißbartseeschwalbe", "Weißbart-Seeschwalbe" Chlidonias hybridus
  White-winged Black "Weißflügelseeschwalbe" Chlidonias leucopterus
Thrush (see also Fieldfare, Blackbird, Redwing) "Drossel"
   (Black-throated) ("Schwarzkehldrossel") (Turdus atrogularis)
  Common Rock "Steinrötel" Monticola saxatilis
   (Dusky) ("Rostflügeldrossel") (Turdus eunomus)
   (Eyebrowed) ("Weißbrauendrossel") (Turdus obscurus)
  Mistle "Misteldrossel" Turdus viscivorus
   (Naumann's) ("Rostschwanzdrossel") (Turdus naumanni)
  Song "Singdrossel" Turdus philomelos
   (White's) ("Erddrossel") (Zoothera aurea)
Tit "Meise"
   (African Blue) ("Kanarenmeise") (Cyanistes teneriffae)
   (Azure) ("Lasurmeise") (Cyanistes cyanus)
  Coal "Tannenmeise" Periparus ater
  Eurasian Blue "Blaumeise" Cyanistes [Parus] caeruleus
  Eurasian Penduline "Beutelmeise" Remiz pendulinus
  European Crested "Haubenmeise" Lophophanes [Parus] cristatus
  Great "Kohlmeise" Parus major
  Long-tailed "Schwanzmeise" Aegithalos caudatus
  Marsh "Sumpfmeise" Poecile palustris
   (Siberian) ("Lapplandmeise" ) (Poecile cinctus)
   (Sombre) ("Balkanmeise") (Poecile lugubris)
   (Willow) ("Mönchsmeise") (Poecile montanus)
Treecreeper "Baumläufer"
  Eurasian "Waldbaumläufer" Certhia familiaris
  Short-toed "Gartenbaumläufer" Certhia brachydactyla
(Tropicbird, Red-billed) ("Rotschnabel-Tropikvogel") (Phaethon aethereus)
Turnstone, Ruddy "Steinwälzer" Arenaria interpres
(Twite) ("Berghänfling") (Linaria flavirostris)

V

Vulture "Geier"
  Egyptian "Schmutzgeier" Neophron percnopterus
  Eurasian Black "Kuttengeier", "Mönchsgeier" Aegypius monachus
  Griffon "Gänsegeier" Gyps fulvus
  Lammergeier "Lämmergeier", "Bartgeier" Gypaetus barbatus
  Rueppell's "Sperbergeier" Gyps rueppelli

W

Wagtail "Stelze"
   (Citrine) ("Zitronenstelze") (Motacilla citreola)
  Grey "Gebirgsstelze", "Bergstelze" Motacilla cinerea
  Western Yellow "Schafstelze" Motacilla flava
  White "Bachstelze" Motacilla alba
(Wallcreeper) ("Mauerläufer") (Tichodroma muraria)
(Acrocephalus, Locustella, Hippolais, Iduna, Cetti's) Warbler "Rohrsänger"
   (Aquatic) ("Seggenrohrsänger") (Acrocephalus paludicola)
   (Blyth's Reed) ("Buschrohrsänger") (Acrocephalus dumetorum)
   (Booted) ("Buschspötter") (Iduna caligata)
  Cetti's "Seidensänger" Cettia cetti
   (Common Grasshopper) ("Feldschwirl") (Locustella naevia)
  Eurasian Reed "Teichrohrsänger" Acrocephalus scirpaceus
  Great Reed "Drosselrohrsänger" Acrocephalus arundinaceus
   (Icterine) ("Gelbspötter") (Hippolais icterina)
   (Isabelline) ("Isabellspötter") (Iduna opaca)
   (Lanceolated) ("Strichelschwirl") (Locustella lanceolata)
  Marsh "Sumpfrohrsänger" Acrocephalus palustris
  Melodious "Orpheusspötter" Hippolais polyglotta
   (Moustached) ("Mariskenrohrsänger") (Acrocephalus melanopogon)
   (Olivaceous) ("Isabellspötter") (Iduna pallida)
   (Olive Tree) ("Olivenspötter") (Hippolais olivetorum)
   (Paddyfield) ("Feldrohrsänger") (Acrocephalus agricola)
   (Pallas's Grasshopper) ("Streifenschwirl") (Helopsaltes certhiola)
   (River) ("Schlagschwirl") (Locustella fluviatilis)
  Savi's "Rohrschwirl" Locustella luscinioides
  Sedge "Schilfrohrsänger" Acrocephalus schoenobaenus
   (Sykes's) ("Steppenspötter") (Iduna rama)
(Phylloscopus) Warbler (see also Chiffchaff)
   (Arctic) ("Wanderlaubsänger") (Phylloscopus borealis)
   (Dusky) ("Dunkellaubsänger") (Phylloscopus fuscatus)
   (Eastern Bonelli's) ("Balkanlaubsänger") (Phylloscopus orientalis)
   (Eastern Crowned) ("Kronenlaubsänger") (Phylloscopus coronatus)
   (Green) ("Wacholderlaubsänger") (Phylloscopus nitidus)
   (Greenish) ("Grünlaubsänger") (Phylloscopus trochiloides)
   (Hume's Leaf) ("Tienschan-Laubsänger") (Phylloscopus humei)
   (Pallas's Leaf) ("Goldhähnchen-Laubsänger") (Phylloscopus proregulus)
   (Radde's) ("Goldhähnchen-Laubsänger") (Phylloscopus schwarzi)
  Western Bonelli's "Berglaubsänger" Phylloscopus bonelli
  Willow "Fitis" Phylloscopus trochilus
  Wood "Waldlaubsänger" Phylloscopus sibilatrix
   (Yellow-browed) ("Gelbbrauen-Laubsänger") (Phylloscopus inornatus)
(Sylvia) Warbler (see also Blackcap)
   (Asian Desert) ("Wüstengrasmücke") (Sylvia nana)
   (Balearic) ("Balearengrasmücke") (Sylvia balearica)
  Barred "Sperbergrasmücke" Sylvia nisoria
   (Dartford) ("Provencegrasmücke", "Provence-Grasmücke") (Sylvia undata)
   (Eastern Orphean) ("Nachtigallengrasmücke") (Sylvia crassirostris)
   (Eastern Subalpine) ("Weißbart-Grasmücke") (Sylvia cantillans albistriata)
   (Garden) ("Gartengrasmücke") (Sylvia borin)
   (Marmora's) ("Sardengrasmücke") (Sylvia sarda)
   (Menetries's) ("Tamariskengrasmücke") (Sylvia mystacea)
   (Moltoni's) ("Ligurien-Bartgrasm&uul;cke") (Sylvia subalpina)
   (Rüppell's) ("Maskengrasmücke") (Sylvia ruppeli)
  Sardinian "Samtkopfgrasmücke", "Samtkopf-Grasmücke" Sylvia melanocephala
   (Spectacled) ("Brillengrasmücke") (Sylvia conspicillata)
   (Western Orphean) ("Orpheusgrassmücke") (Sylvia hortensis)
  Western Subalpine "Weißbartgrasmücke" Sylvia cantillans
Waxwing, Bohemian "Seidenschwanz" Bombycilla garrulus
Wheatear "Schmätzer"
   (Black) ("Trauersteinschmätzer", "Trauerschmätzer") (Oenanthe leucura)
  Black-eared "Mittelmeersteinschmätzer";
race "hispanica": "Maurensteinschmätzer";
race
"melanoleuca": "Balkansteinschmätzer"
Oenanthe hispanica
   (Desert) ("Wüstenschmätzer", "Wüstensteinschmätzer") (Oenanthe deserti)
   (Finsch's) ("Felsensteinschmätzer") (Oenanthe finschii)
  Isabelline "Isabellschmätzer" Oenanthe isabellina
  Northern "Steinschmätzer" Oenanthe oenanthe
   (Pied) ("Nonnensteinschmätzer", "Nonnenschmätzer") (Oenanthe pleschanka)
Whimbrel (see also Curlew) "Regenbrachvogel" Numenius phaeopus
Whitethroat "Grasmücke"
  Common "Dorngrasmücke" Sylvia communis
  Lesser "Klappergrasmücke" Sylvia curruca
Whinchat (see also Stonechat, Robin) "Braunkehlchen" Saxicola rubetra
Wigeon (see also Duck, Shelduck, Shoveler, Merganser, Goldeneye)
  American "Amerikanische Pfeifente", "Nordamerikanische Pfeifente", "Kanadapfeifente" Mareca [Anas] americana
  Eurasian "Pfeifente" Mareca [Anas] penelope
(Woodcock, Eurasian) ("Waldschnepfe") (Scolopax rusticola)
Woodpecker "Specht"
  Black "Schwarzspecht" Dryocopus martius
  European Green "Grünspecht" Picus viridis
  Great Spotted "Buntspecht" Dendrocopos major
   (Grey-headed) ("Grauspecht") (Picus canus)
  Lesser Spotted "Kleinspecht" Dryobates [Dendrocopos] minor
  Middle Spotted "Mittelspecht" Dendrocopos medius
   (Syrian) ("Blutspecht") (Dendrocopos syriacus)
   (Three-toed) ("Dreizehenspecht") (Picoides tridactylus)
   (White-backed) ("Weißrückenspecht") (Dendrocopos leucotos)
Wren
  Eurasian "Zaunkönig" Troglodytes troglodytes
Wryneck, Eurasian "Wendehals" Jynx torquilla

Y

Yellowhammer (see also Finch, Bunting) "Goldammer" Emberiza citrinella
(Yellowlegs)
   (Greater) ("Großer Gelbschenkel") (Tringa melanoleuca)
   (Lesser) ("Kleiner Gelbschenkel") (Tringa flavipes)