European birds    Bird names   News   Family groups 1-26    Glossary    Plumage    Tips    Thumbnails    Gen. info    Credits    Photos for sale   
NON-PASSERINES     1    2    3    4    5    6    7    8    9    10     11     12     13     14 15     16     17     18     19     20     21     22     23     24     25     26     PASSERINES
Common names sorted alphabetically: A   B   C   D   E   F   G   H   I   J   K   L   M   N   O   P   Q   R   S   T   V   W   Y  

Credits to contributors

The following friends have kindly provided photos and bird spotting information to these pages, which are hereby gratefully acknowledged. Each piece of information and each photo are credited individually on the respective pages. Many thanks to all!

Contributed photos, audio and sighting information

J. Pires
Contributions can be found on the pages describing the following bird species:
Red-legged Partridge, Common Quail, Common Pheasant, Mute Swan, Greylag Goose, Greater White-fronted Goose, Pink-footed Goose, Brent Goose, Barnacle Goose, Common Scoter, Northern Shoveler, Tufted Duck, Ring-necked Duck, Common Pochard, Red-crested Pochard, Mallard, Eurasian Teal, Eurasian Wigeon, American Wigeon, Gadwall, Northern Pintail, Common Shelduck, Great Crested Grebe, Little Grebe, Great Shearwater, Cory's Shearwater, Sooty Shearwater, European Storm-Petrel, Northern Gannet, Great Cormorant, European Shag, Greater Flamingo, Purple Heron, Grey Heron, Great [White] Egret, Little Egret, Cattle Egret, Little Bittern, Black-crowned Night Heron, Green Heron, Squacco Heron, Glossy Ibis, Eurasian Spoonbill, White Stork, Black Stork, Eurasian Black Vulture, Griffon Vulture, Rueppell's Vulture, Egyptian Vulture, Osprey, Golden Eagle, Spanish Imperial Eagle, Short-toed Snake Eagle, Bonelli's Eagle, Booted Eagle, Black Kite, Red Kite, Western Marsh Harrier, Hen Harrier, Montagu's Harrier, Pallid Harrier, Common Buzzard, European Honey Buzzard, Black-winged Kite, Eurasian Sparrowhawk, Peregrine Falcon, Merlin, Common Kestrel, Eurasian Hobby, Western Swamphen, Common Moorhen, Eurasian Coot, Red-knobbed Coot, Eurasian Curlew, Whimbrel, Common Snipe, Little Stint, Sanderling, Wood Sandpiper, Common Sandpiper, Green Sandpiper, Curlew Sandpiper, Dunlin, Purple Sandpiper, Red Knot, Common Redshank, Spotted Redshank, Common Greenshank, Black-tailed Godwit, Bar-tailed Godwit, Eurasian Stone-curlew, Collared Pratincole, Northern Lapwing, Pied Avocet, Black-winged Stilt, Common Ringed Plover, Kentish Plover, Grey Plover, European Golden Plover, Great Skua, Black-headed Gull, Caspian Tern, Sandwich Tern, Gull-billed Tern, Forster's Tern, Little Tern, Black Tern, Whiskered Tern, Rock Dove, Stock Dove, Common Wood Pigeon, European Turtle Dove, Eurasian Collared Dove, Common Cuckoo, Great Spotted Cuckoo, Long-eared Owl, Eurasian Eagle Owl, Little Owl, Common Kingfisher, Common Swift, Pallid Swift, European Bee-eater, Hoopoe, Eurasian Wryneck, Short-toed Treecreeper, Great Spotted Woodpecker, Lesser Spotted Woodpecker, Great Tit, Eurasian Blue Tit, European Crested Tit, Long-tailed Tit, Common Firecrest, Eurasian Wren, Dunnock, Common Chiffchaff, Iberian Chiffchaff, Willow Warbler, Western Bonelli's Warbler, Northern Wheatear, Bluethroat, Whinchat, European Stonechat, Blue Rock Thrush, European Robin, Black Redstart, Eurasian Nuthatch, European Pied Flycatcher, Spotted Flycatcher, Eurasian Blackcap, Sardinian Warbler, Western Subalpine Warbler, Iberian Grey Shrike, Woodchat Shrike, Eurasian Magpie, Iberian Magpie, Red-billed Chough, Eurasian Jay, Western Jackdaw, Carrion Crow, Common Raven, White Wagtail, Western Yellow Wagtail, Grey Wagtail, Eurasian Skylark, Woodlark, Greater Short-toed Lark, Tawny Pipit, Meadow Pipit, Water Pipit, Tree Pipit, European Serin, Eurasian Siskin, Atlantic Canary, European Goldfinch, Brambling, Common Chaffinch, European Greenfinch, House Sparrow, Spanish Sparrow, Eurasian Tree Sparrow, Rock Sparrow, Common Linnet, Cirl Bunting, Corn Bunting, Common Reed Bunting, Barn Swallow, Red-rumped Swallow, Common House Martin, Eurasian Crag Martin, Sand Martin, Crested Lark, Thekla's Lark, Zitting Cisticola, Great Reed Warbler, Eurasian Reed Warbler, Melodious Warbler, Cetti's Warbler, Redwing, Mistle Thrush, Song Thrush, Common Blackbird, Common Starling, Spotless Starling.

D. Wilczynska
Contributions can be found on the pages describing the following bird species:
Grey Partridge, Common Pheasant, Mute Swan, Whooper Swan, Greylag Goose, Greater White-fronted Goose, Velvet Scoter, Eurasian Wigeon, Common Goldeneye, Tufted Duck, Goosander, Common Pochard, Garganey, Northern Shoveler, Mallard, Gadwall, Ruddy Shelduck, Black-necked Grebe, Great Cormorant, European Shag, Great White Pelican, Great Egret, Little Egret, Grey Heron, Black-crowned Night Heron, White Stork, Black Stork, Greater Flamingo, Lammergeier, Egyptian Vulture, White-tailed Eagle, Common Buzzard, Rough-legged Buzzard, Long-legged Buzzard, Western Marsh Harrier, Eurasian Sparrowhawk, Common Kestrel, Eurasian Coot, Common Crane, Eurasian Curlew, Black-tailed Godwit, Common Snipe, Common Redshank, Common Greenshank, Temminck's Stint, Common Sandpiper, Green Sandpiper, Wood Sandpiper, Ruff, Ruddy Turnstone, Common Ringed Plover, Northern Lapwing, Pied Avocet, Black-winged Stilt, Yellow-legged Gull, Common Gull, Slender-billed Gull, Black-headed Gull, Black Tern, Whiskered Tern, White-winged Black Tern, Rock Dove, Common Wood Pigeon, Eurasian Collared Dove, Common Cuckoo, Little Owl, Common Swift, Common Kingfisher, European Bee-eater, European Roller, Eurasian Treecreeper, Hoopoe, Black Woodpecker, European Green Woodpecker, Great Spotted Woodpecker, Eurasian Blue Tit, European Crested Tit, Marsh Tit, Great Tit, Eurasian Penduline Tit, Eurasian Wren, Goldcrest, Willow Warbler, Wood Warbler, Common Chiffchaff, European Robin, Common Redstart, Black Redstart, Whinchat, Northern Wheatear, Isabelline Wheatear, Black-eared Wheatear, Common Rock Thrush, Blue Rock Thrush, Spotted Flycatcher, European Pied Flycatcher, Common Whitethroat, Lesser Whitethroat, Barred Warbler, Bohemian Waxwing, Western Rock Nuthatch, Great Grey Shrike, Red-backed Shrike, Woodchat Shrike, Eurasian Golden Oriole, Eurasian Magpie, Eurasian Jay, Western Jackdaw, Hooded Crow, Rook, White Wagtail, Western Yellow Wagtail, Greater Short-toed Lark, Eurasian Skylark, Tawny Pipit, Tree Pipit, Meadow Pipit, Water Pipit, House Sparrow, Eurasian Tree Sparrow, Spanish Sparrow, Trump Finch, European Serin, Red-fronted Serin, Eurasian Siskin, European Goldfinch, Common Chaffinch, European Greenfinch, Eurasian Bullfinch, Hawfinch, Common Linnet, Common Rosefinch, Yellowhammer, Cirl Bunting, Common Reed Bunting, Corn Bunting, Black-headed Bunting, Barn Swallow, Common House Martin, Sand Martin, Eurasian Crag Martin, Crested Lark, Savi's Warbler, Sedge Warbler, Marsh Warbler, Icterine Warbler, Fieldfare, Mistle Thrush, Song Thrush, Common Blackbird, Common Starling.

M. Eaton
Contributions can be found on the pages describing the following bird species:
Great Crested Grebe, Greylag Goose, Common Eider, Tufted Duck, Goosander, Great Cormorant, Glossy Ibis, Cattle Egret, Little Bittern, White-tailed Eagle, Ruddy Turnstone, Ruff, Temminck's Stint, Sanderling, Dunlin, Common Greenshank, Common Redshank, Black-tailed Godwit, Whimbrel, Eurasian Stone-curlew, Eurasian Oystercatcher, Pied Avocet, Common Ringed Plover, Spur-winged Lapwing, Black-winged Stilt, Common Gull, Black-headed Gull, European Herring Gull, Great Black-backed Gull, Gull-billed Tern, Arctic Tern, Black Tern, White-winged Black Tern, Atlantic Puffin, Razorbill, Common Guillemot, Black Guillemot, Great Tit, Willow Warbler, Isabelline Wheatear, Sardinian Warbler, European Pied Flycatcher, Spotted Flycatcher, Eurasian Magpie, Western Jackdaw, Hooded Crow, White Wagtail, Yellow Wagtail, Meadow Pipit, House Sparrow, Yellowhammer, Arctic Redpoll, Common Redpoll, Eurasian Siskin, Brambling, Common Chaffinch, European Greenfinch, Sedge Warbler, Crested Lark, Redwing, Fieldfare, Song Thrush, Common Blackbird, Ring Ouzel, Common Starling.

H. Dahlem-Senger
Contributions can be found on the pages describing the following bird species:
Common Pheasant, Greylag Goose, Canada Goose, Barnacle Goose, Mallard, Tufted Duck, Common Shelduck, Mute Swan, Great Cormorant, Grey Heron, White Stork, Black Kite, Common Buzzard, Gyrfalcon, Common Kestrel, Common Crane, Common Moorhen, Eurasian Coot, Common Ringed Plover, Northern Lapwing, Pied Avocet, European Herring Gull, Yellow-legged Gull, Slender-billed Gull, Common Gull, Black-headed Gull, Common Tern, Common Wood Pigeon, European Crested Tit, Eurasian Wren, Eurasian Nuthatch, Eurasian Magpie, Western Jackdaw, Hooded Crow, Carrion Crow, Common Raven, White Wagtail, Woodlark, House Sparrow, Common Linnet, European Serin, European Goldfinch, Barn Swallow, Common House Martin, Fieldfare, Common Starling.

S. Cuturilov
We are very grateful to S. Cuturilov for his support in identifying several bird species presented on these pages.
Contributions can be found on the pages describing the following bird species:
Squacco Heron, Greater Flamingo, Common Snipe, Wood Sandpiper, Black-winged Stilt, Little Ringed Plover, Mediterranean Gull, Whiskered Tern, European Turtle Dove, Common Kingfisher, European Bee-eater, Black Woodpecker, European Green Woodpecker, Middle Spotted Woodpecker, Coal Tit, Marsh Tit, Penduline Tit, Long-tailed Tit, Dunnock, Eurasian Wren, European Robin, Whinchat, Barred Warbler, Woodchat Shrike, Red-backed Shrike, Alpine Chough, White Wagtail, Common Crossbill, Common Rosefinch, European Goldfinch, Yellowhammer, Black-headed Bunting, Ortolan Bunting, Cirl Bunting, Rock Bunting, Bearded Reedling, Barn Swallow, Red-rumped Swallow, Crested Lark, Sedge Warbler, Great Reed Warbler.

M. Thomas
Contributions can be found on the pages describing the following bird species:
Mute Swan, Barnacle Goose, Red-crested Pochard, Gadwall, Tufted Duck, Great Crested Grebe, Little Egret, Eurasian Sparrowhawk, Common Kestrel, Eurasian Coot, Whimbrel, Sanderling, Black-headed Gull, Common Wood Pigeon, Great Spotted Woodpecker, European Green Woodpecker, Great Tit, Eurasian Blue Tit, Marsh Tit, Long-tailed Tit, Eurasian Wren, Dunnock, European Robin, Eurasian Nuthatch, Eurasian Blackcap, Eurasian Jay, Western Jackdaw, Hooded Crow, Carrion Crow, Hawfinch, Eurasian Bullfinch, European Goldfinch, European Greenfinch, Common Chaffinch, House Sparrow, Common Linnet, European Serin, Song Thrush, Common Blackbird, Common Starling.

G. Pinelas
Contributions can be found on the pages describing the following bird species:
Ring-necked Duck, Grey Heron, Grey Heron feeding, Common Buzzard, Whimbrel, Ruddy Turnstone, Dunlin, Sanderling, Common Sandpiper, Red Knot, Bar-tailed Godwit, Little Ringed Plover, Kentish Plover, Great Skua, Great Black-backed Gull, Lesser Black-backed Gull, American Herring Gull, Yellow-legged Gull, Caspian Gull, Iceland Gull, Bonaparte's Gull, Ring-billed Gull, Mediterranean Gull, Audouin's Gull, Little Gull, Common Gull, Black-headed Gull, Common Wood Pigeon, Hoopoe, Black Redstart, Semicollared Flycatcher, Eurasian Jay, Common Linnet, Red-rumped Swallow, Zitting Cisticola, Common Blackbird.

A. Sarok
Contributions can be found on the pages describing the following bird species:
Eurasian Sparrowhawk, Merlin, Penduline Tit, Black Redstart, Common Nightingale, Common Whitethroat, Lesser Whitethroat, Collared Flycatcher, Western Yellow Wagtail, Hawfinch, Eurasian Siskin, Yellowhammer, Common Reed Bunting, Bearded Reedling.

K. Paunovic
Contributions can be found on the pages describing the following bird species:
Ferruginous Duck, Long-eared Owl, Common Chiffchaff, Western Yellow Wagtail.

I. Medenica
Contributions can be found on the pages describing the following bird species:
European Nightjar, Common Kingfisher, Woodchat Shrike.

Beata from Warsaw
Contributions can be found on the pages describing the following bird species:
Hoopoe, Red-backed Shrike, Sedge Warbler.

A. Heintz & I. Hamzaoui
Contributions can be found on the pages describing the following bird species:
Barbary Partridge, Common Blackbird.

P. Brown
Contributions can be found on the pages describing the following bird species:
Black-crowned Night Heron, Rock Dove.

Agnieszka from Lodz
Contributions can be found on the pages describing the following bird species:
Hoopoe.

Fink family
Contributions can be found on the pages describing the following bird species:
Barn Swallow.

J. Mierzwinski
Contributions can be found on the pages describing the following bird species:
Marsh Warbler.

M. Senger
Contributions can be found on the pages describing the following bird species:
House Sparrow.

M. Ehle
Contributions can be found on the pages describing the following bird species:
Griffon Vulture.

M. Dahlem
Sound recordings credited to "MD" are our own.

General information

Some of the information presented here is adapted from various books and field guides, in particular:

German names of species