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11

Rock Dove

(Columba livia)
Alternate name(s): "Rock Pigeon", "Pigeon*"
Size: 29-37 cm; wing span 62-72 cm
Weight: 240-380 g
Description     Classification     Distribution     Sightings     Photos     Breeding     Nest     Eggs     Behaviour     Food     Call/s

Physical description

Click here for a physical description

Taxonomy, classification

See Rock Dove at Wikipedia .

Range, habitat

Click here for information on habitat and range

Sightings

Click here for sighting information

Photos

Race "palaestinae"

ADULT

MALE

Lateral view of a Rock Dove cock; note the typical dual dark-grey wing bar

FEMALE

Lateral view of a Rock Dove hen

Race "livia"

Photos of Rock Doves, nominate race "livia", were taken by us in Europe.

Hybrids (feral pigeons)

Frontal view of a hybrid Rock Dove ("Feral Pigeon")
[Campus of Sultan Qaboos University, near Muscat, March 2010]

Here the same bird as above when landing
[Campus of Sultan Qaboos University, near Muscat, March 2010]

Rock Dove hybrids (feral pigeons) - an almost all-white cock trying to impress a hen
[Campus of Sultan Qaboos University, near Muscat, March 2010]

Cock trying to impress a hen
[Batinah region, May 2010]

Here she is, not visibly taken in
[Batinah region, May 2010]

"Release Dove"

"Release Doves" are a special, all-white breed of the Rock Dove, used for release on ceremonial occasions.

Near-lateral view of a Release Dove; note the banding (photo courtesy of P. Brown)

Lateral view of a Release Dove; note the banding (photo courtesy of P. Brown)

Breeding information

Breeding season: Mar - Jun Eggs: 2 Incubation period: 17 - 19 days Fledging age: 30 days

Given the right conditions, Rock Doves can breed at any time of year. They can have up to six clutches per year.

Nest

Type: Rudimentary basket Material: Twigs Height above ground: 2 - 15 m

Rock Doves can nest on (rock) ledges or in tree hollows. Their nests are the basic collection of twigs typical of doves and pigeons.

Rock Dove at the entrance of its nesting hollow

Rock Dove at the entrance of its nesting hollow

Eggs

Size: 38 x 30 mm Colour: White Shape: Rounded

Food, Diet

As all pigeons and doves, Rock Doves are strictly vegetarian. When not scavenging from humans, they feed exclusively on seeds.

Call(s)/Song

For this species we have recorded the following call(s)/song. The interpretation of their meaning is our own; comments and suggestions for improvement are welcome.

rockdov_20160701.mp3 Male wooing female © MD

These pages are largely based on our own observations and those of our contributors. The structure of these bird pages is explained HERE. For more salient facts on any bird species please refer to a field guide.

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If interested, please CLICK HERE. Credits to contributors are given HERE.