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15

Hoopoe

(Upupa epops)
Alternate name(s): "Eurasian Hoopoe"
Size: 25-32 cm; wing span: 44-48 cm
Weight: 46-89 g
Description     Classification     Distribution     Sightings     Photos     Breeding     Nest     Eggs     Behaviour     Food     Call/s

Physical description

Click here for a physical description

Taxonomy, classification

See Hoopoe at Wikipedia .

Range, habitat

Click here for information on habitat and range

Sightings

Click here for sighting information

Photos

Race "epops"

ADULT

Sex unknown

Near-frontal view of a Hoopoe looking sideways
[Campus of Sultan Qaboos University, near Muscat, September 2009]

Near-lateral view of a Hoopoe checking out the observer
[Campus of Sultan Qaboos University, near Muscat, September 2009]

Close-up near-lateral view of a Hoopoe
[Campus of Sultan Qaboos University, near Muscat, December 2009]

Near-lateral view of a Hoopoe in need of a bit of preening...
[Campus of Sultan Qaboos University, near Muscat, December 2009]

...but no amount of preening will help when half the Hoopoe's crest has fallen out
[Campus of Sultan Qaboos University, near Muscat, December 2009]

Here a wing stretch Hoopoe style
[Campus of Sultan Qaboos University, near Muscat, December 2009]

Close-up lateral portrait of a Hoopoe
[Campus of Sultan Qaboos University, near Muscat, December 2009]

Near-dorsal view of a Hoopoe foraging on the ground
[Campus of Sultan Qaboos University, near Muscat, December 2009]

Dorsal view of a Hoopoe (photo courtesy of M. Eaton)
[November 2017]

Breeding information

We have been able to obtain breeding information in Europe.

Behaviour

At times, Hoopoes can be quite approachable, especially when busy foraging.

Near-dorsal view of a Hoopoe strutting past the photographer
[Campus of Sultan Qaboos University, near Muscat, December 2009]

No binoculars or camouflage gear may be required to watch a Hoopoe when it is busy
[Campus of Sultan Qaboos University, near Muscat, December 2009]

While foraging, Hoopoes prefer to run from place to place, rather than fly short distances.

Frontal view of a Hoopoe running from one shady place to another
[Campus of Sultan Qaboos University, near Muscat, November 2009]

The Common Myna in the photo below tried to hustle the Hoopoe, but with little effect. The Hoopoe showed who is the tallest (with crest) and that settled the issue.

"OK, Buddy, that's close enough!" Hoopoe warning a Common Myna
[Campus of Sultan Qaboos University, near Muscat, December 2009]

Food, Diet

Hoopoes feed on small animals (many of which are considered to be pests) that they dig out of the soil with their long, pointed bills.

Call(s)/Song

For this species we have recorded the following call(s)/song. The interpretation of their meaning is our own; comments and suggestions for improvement are welcome.

hoopoe_dw_20180525_2.m4a epops (Poland) Territorial call (male) © DW
hoopoe_jp_20190606.m4a epops (Portugal) Territorial calls (male) © JP
hoopoe_jp_20230203.mp3 epops (Portugal) Territorial calls (male) © JP
hoopoe_dw_20180525.m4a epops (Poland) Territorial calls (male)
(+ House Sparrow)
© DW
hoopoe_dw_20180525_NR.m4a epops (Poland) Territorial calls (male), no bkgd © DW
hoopoe_jp_20200322.m4a epops (Portugal) Territorial calls (male) (+ Short-toed Treecreeper) © JP
hoopoe_jp_20200412.m4a epops (Portugal) Territorial calls (male)
(+ Common Chaffinch)
© JP

More Hoopoe sound recordings are available at xeno-canto.org .

These pages are largely based on our own observations and those of our contributors. The structure of these bird pages is explained HERE. For more salient facts on any bird species please refer to a field guide.

Would you like to contribute photos or sound recordings to this site?
If interested, please CLICK HERE. Credits to contributors are given HERE.