Birds of Oman home   Bird names   News    Family groups 1-26    Tips   Glossary   Plumage   Thumbnails    General information    Credits    PHOTOS FOR SALE
NON-PASSERINES     1    2    3    4    5    6    7    8    9    10     11     12     13     14 15     16     17     18     19     20     21     22     23     24    25    26    PASSERINES
Common names sorted alphabetically: B   C   D   E   F   G   H   I   K   L   M   N   O   P   R   S   T   V   W  


Barn Swallow

(Hirundo rustica)
Alternate name(s): "Chimney Swallow", "European Swallow", "House Swallow*"
Size: 17-19 cm; wing span 32-34.5 cm (race "rustica")
Weight: 16-22 g (race "rustica")


Description     Classification     Distribution     Sightings     Photos     Breeding     Nest     Eggs     Behaviour     Food     Call/s

Physical description

Click here for a physical description

Taxonomy, classification

See Barn Swallow at Wikipedia .

Range, habitat

Click here for information on habitat and range


Click here for sighting information


Race "rustica"


Sex unknown

Two Barn Swallows taking a short rest in a shrub
[Campus of Sultan Qaboos University, near Muscat, September 2009]

Here the throat and side of the head of a Barn Swallow are more clearly visible
[Campus of Sultan Qaboos University, near Muscat, September 2009]

Barn Swallow in flight; note the deeply forked tail
[Campus of Sultan Qaboos University, near Muscat, April 2010]

Sometimes Barn Swallows can also be seen with their feet dangling in flight
[Campus of Sultan Qaboos University, near Muscat, April 2010]

Bad photo of a Barn Swallow scooping water from a pond in flight
[Campus of Sultan Qaboos University, near Muscat, September 2009]

Race "gutturalis"

Photos of Barn Swallows, race "gutturalis", were obtained by us in Australia.

Breeding information

For a more complete description and for breeding information, see our page about Barn Swallows in Europe.


Social behaviour: Communal Mobility: Migratory Elementary unit: Flock

Food, Diet

Adults: Small insects Dependents: As adults Water intake: Daily(?)

Like all other swallows known to us, Barn Swallows are insect hunters. They feed in-flight on small insects.


For this species we have recorded the following call(s)/song. The interpretation of their meaning is our own; comments and suggestions for improvement are welcome.

bswallow_jp_20200625.m4a rustica
Contact calls © JP
bswallow_dw_20170729.m4a rustica
Contact calls (in flight) © DW
bswallow_dw_20170729_2.m4a rustica
Contact calls (in flight) © DW
bswallow_dw_20160902.m4a rustica
Contact calls(?) © DW
bswallow_dw_20170729_1.m4a rustica
Group chatter © DW
bswallow_dw_20160520_1.m4a rustica
Group chatter © DW
bswallow_dw_20180819.m4a rustica
Group chatter © DW
bswallow_hds_20200906.m4a rustica
Congregating for migration © HDS
bswallow_dw_20170729_0.m4a rustica
Various (in flight) © DW
bswallow_dw_20170729_2.m4a rustica
Various (in flight) © DW
bswallow_hds_20200906_2.m4a rustica
? © HDS
bswallow_dw_20160520_2.m4a rustica
? © DW

More Barn Swallow sound recordings are available at .

These pages are largely based on our own observations and those of our contributors. The structure of these bird pages is explained HERE. For more salient facts on any bird species please refer to a field guide.

Would you like to contribute photos or sound recordings to this site?
If interested, please CLICK HERE. Credits to contributors are given HERE.