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Common Myna

(Acridotheres tristis)
Alternate name(s): "Common Mynah", "Indian Myna(h)"
Size: 22-25 cm
Weight: 100-120 g (male), 120-138 g (female)
Description     Classification     Distribution     Sightings     Photos     Breeding     Nest     Eggs     Behaviour     Food     Call/s

Physical description

Click here for a physical description

Taxonomy, classification

See Common Myna at Wikipedia .

Range, habitat

Click here for information on habitat and range


Click here for sighting information




Lateral view of a couple of Common Mynas near their nest - the bird in the back looks heavier than its mate and is therefore likely the female; note the orange skin patches and the bright-yellow bill
[Campus of Sultan Qaboos University, near Muscat, February 2010]

Sex unknown

Common Myna shaking out its breeding plumage after preening...
[Campus of Sultan Qaboos University, near Muscat, February 2010]

... now looking presentable again; note how here, during the breeding season, the bare skin patch of the Common Myna is much more orange than the yellowish tint observed in winter
[Campus of Sultan Qaboos University, near Muscat, February 2010]

Dorsal view of a Common Myna carrying in breeding plumage
[Campus of Sultan Qaboos University, near Muscat, September 2009]


Near-frontal view of a Common Myna; note the pale skin patch and the dull colours of the bill and of the plumage
[Campus of Sultan Qaboos University, near Muscat, September 2009]

Lateral view of a Common Myna in non-breeding plumage that has found a morsel on the ground
[Campus of Sultan Qaboos University, near Muscat, October 2009]

This photo clearly shows the Common Myna's glossy crown
[Campus of Sultan Qaboos University, near Muscat, November 2009]

Here the effect becomes even clearer; note how the bare skin patch behind the eye of this Common Myna is yellowish on a photo taken during the non-breeding season
[Campus of Sultan Qaboos University, near Muscat, November 2009]


Lateral view of a juvenile Common Myna; note the bluish-grey skin behind the eye
[January 2019]

Breeding information

Breeding season: Jan - Dec Eggs: 4 - 6 Incubation period: 17 - 18 days Fledging age: 22 - 24 days

The breeding season depends on geographical latitude and other climatic factors, but in principle they can breed any time of year.


Type: Basket/hollow Material: Twigs, roots, grass, waste Height above ground: 2 - 20? m

Common Mynas are aggressive against other species, taking nest sites from others, but also "evicting" previously nesting species by removing eggs and/or chicks to take over nests.

Common Myna on its nest in an "avant garde" shelter; the owners of the horn antenna will probably be wondering why they have lost 3 dB gain...
[Campus of Sultan Qaboos University, near Muscat, February 2010]


Size: 31 x 22 mm Colour: Light turquoise-blue Shape: Tapered oval


Common Mynas clearly don't like these customers in their territory; they spent quite some effort hustling this rat, until the photographer interfered to get a shot
[Campus of Sultan Qaboos University, near Muscat, May 2010]

Food, Diet

Common Mynas are one of the bird species that find food in the dung of cattle or horses. They feed on almost anything, including food scraps.

Common Myna having a drink, with another watching; both are in breeding plumage
[Campus of Sultan Qaboos University, near Muscat, November 2009]


For this species we have recorded the following call(s)/song. The interpretation of their meaning is our own; comments and suggestions for improvement are welcome.

commyna_20140310_3.mp3 tristis Contact call? © MD
commyna_art_20140123.mp3 tristis Pre-dawn chatter © ART
commyna_20140310.mp3 tristis Various © MD
commyna_20141001.mp3 tristis Various © MD
commyna_20140722.mp3 tristis Various © MD
commyna_20141011_2.mp3 tristis Various © MD
commyna_20141011_3.mp3 tristis Various © MD
commyna_20160910.mp3 tristis Various © MD
commyna_20160910_2.mp3 tristis Various © MD
commyna_20160910_3.mp3 tristis Various © MD
commyna_20141011.mp3 tristis ? © MD
commyna_20180516_2.m4a tristis ? © MD
commyna_20180516_3.m4a tristis ? © MD
commyna_20180516_4.m4a tristis ? © MD

These pages are largely based on our own observations and those of our contributors. The structure of these bird pages is explained HERE. For more salient facts on any bird species please refer to a field guide.

Would you like to contribute photos or sound recordings to this site?
If interested, please CLICK HERE. Credits to contributors are given HERE.