The overall distribution of this species can be assessed, and
specific locations where birds have been spotted can be found,
based on individual sighting reports submitted by birdwatchers to
The global distribution of the African Sacred Ibis is available
Originally found in huge numbers in Egypt along the river
Nile as both sedentary populations and migratory breeders,
African Sacred Ibises were extirpated there by around 1850.
In modern times, although their wintering quarters still
remain in sub-Saharan tropical Africa, from
in the West to Eritrea in the East, the migratory population
travels southwards, along the East African highlands towards
South Africa. There is also a population on Madagascar. With
a few exceptions, the species is largely absent from the Congo
Basin and much of the deserts of south-western Africa.
Some vagrants are found around the Arabian peninsula.
There are also introduced breeding populations in some
European Mediterranean countries.
In Arabia African Sacred Ibises are vagrants. Sightings have
been reported from various parts of the coastline. In Oman
African Sacred Ibises can sometimes be seen along parts of
the South-east coast and the North coast, especially around
the Musandam peninsula.
African Sacred Ibises are usually found in mudplains, swamps
and the deltas of major rivers.