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Common Greenshank

(Tringa nebularia)
Alternate name(s): "Greenshank"
Size: 30-35 cm; wing span 65-70 cm
Weight: 130-270 g


Description     Classification     Distribution     Sightings     Photos     Breeding     Nest     Eggs     Behaviour     Food     Call/s

Physical description

Click here for a physical description

Taxonomy, classification

See Common Greenshank at Wikipedia .

Range, habitat

Click here for information on habitat and range


Click here for sighting information



Sex unknown


Near-frontal view of a Common Greenshank in non-breeding plumage
[Campus of Sultan Qaboos University, near Muscat, September 2009]

Lateral view of the same Common Greenshank as above
[Campus of Sultan Qaboos University, near Muscat, September 2009]

Dorsal view of a Common Greenshank in non-breeding plumage
[Campus of Sultan Qaboos University, near Muscat, September 2009]

Comparison between a preening Common Greenshank in non-breeding plumage, left, and a Green Sandpiper
[Campus of Sultan Qaboos University, near Muscat, September 2009]

Additional information

More photos have been obtained by us in Europe and in Australia.

Food, Diet

Like other members of the Tringa, Xenus and Actitis families we have seen Common Greenshanks hunt insects and other small animals along the edges of shallow water. Common Greenshanks were seen by us around fresh water.


For this species we have recorded the following call(s)/song. The interpretation of their meaning is our own; comments and suggestions for improvement are welcome.

grnshnk_dw_20190819.m4a (Poland) Contact call (arrival) © DW
grnshnk_dw_20200726_3.m4a (Poland) Contact calls © DW
grnshnk_jp_20201016.m4a (Portugal) Contact calls © JP
grnshnk_dw_20200726_2.m4a (Poland) Contact calls Q&A
(+ Wood Sandpiper)
© DW
grnshnk_jp_20200722.m4a (Portugal) Contact calls (+ Common Ringed Plover) © JP
grnshnk_dw_20190819_3.m4a (Poland) Warning calls (humans on the water) © DW
grnshnk_20240221.m4a (Australia) Warning calls (human) (+ Pied Stilt) © MD
grnshnk_20240221_2.m4a (Australia) Warning calls (human) (+ White-winged Fairy-wren) © MD
grnshnk_dw_20180818.m4a (Poland) ? © DW
grnshnk_jp_20230502.mp3 (Portugal) Various (+ Common Redshank) © JP

More Common Greenshank sound recordings are available at .

These pages are largely based on our own observations and those of our contributors. The structure of these bird pages is explained HERE. For more salient facts on any bird species please refer to a field guide.

Would you like to contribute photos or sound recordings to this site?
If interested, please CLICK HERE. Credits to contributors are given HERE.