Aust birds    Bird names   News   1-26    Habitats    Key plants    Glossary    Plumage    Nests    Tips    Thumbnails    Gen. info    Sponsors    Photos for sale   
NON-PASSERINES     1    2    3    4    5    6    7    8    9    10     11     12     13     14 15     16     17     18     19     20     21     22     23     24     25     26     PASSERINES
Common names sorted alphabetically: A   B   C   D   E   F   G   H   I   J   K   L   M   N   O   P   Q   R   S   T   W   Y  
Have birds left a mess around your place? We recommend to try a professional cleaning service.

11

Bar-shouldered Dove

(Geopelia humeralis)
Alternate name(s): "Mangrove-dove", "Pandanus Pigeon"
Size: 27-30 cm
Weight: 130 g (average)

Similar species

Description     Classification     Distribution     Sightings     Photos     Breeding     Nest     Eggs     Behaviour     Food     Call/s

Physical description

Click here for a physical description

Taxonomy, classification

See Bar-shouldered Dove at Wikipedia .

Range, habitat, finding this species

Click here for information on habitat and range

Sightings

Click here for sighting information

Photos

Race "humeralis"

ADULT

MALE

This male Bar-shouldered Dove needed a good stretch: first the tail...
[Eulah Creek. NSW, October 2011]

... now seen stretching one of its wings
[Eulah Creek, NSW, October 2011]

Dorsal view of a male Bar-shouldered Dove fanning its tail to impress a female; this is the bird whose calls were recorded on 18 November 2015
[Near Narrabri, NSW, November 2015]

Near-frontal view of a Bar-shouldered Dove (photo courtesy of R. Druce)
[Maules Creek, NSW, March 2012]

Lateral view of a Bar-shouldered Dove (photo courtesy of R. Druce)
[Maules Creek, NSW, March 2012]

Lateral view of a Bar-shouldered Dove; this is the bird whose calls were recorded on 27 November 2014
[Bullawa Creek SCA, 15 km East of Narrabri, NSW, November 2014]

Near-dorsal view of a Bar-shouldered Dove (photo courtesy of R. Druce)
[Maules Creek, NSW, March 2012]

Dorsal view of a Bar-shouldered Dove (photo courtesy of R. Druce)
[Maules Creek, NSW, March 2012]

View from above of a Bar-shouldered Dove on the ground
[Eulah Creek, NSW, January 2009]

Lateral view of a Bar-shouldered Dove on the ground
[Deriah Aboriginal Area, NSW, January 2009]

Now the other way round...
[Deriah Aboriginal Area, NSW, January 2009]

Bar-shouldered Doves high up in a eucalypt tree
[Leard State Forest, NSW, May 2014]

Family of Bar-shouldered Doves preening
[Near Narrabri, NSW, March 2009]

Here an adult Bar-shouldered Dove (left), with some wing feathers in disarray exhibiting their brown mid-section, and an immature bird (right), with much paler colours
[Near Moree, NSW, April 2012]

Twitcher's tip

Out in nature, the two things that give away Bar-shouldered Doves when spotted are the unusual contrast between bright front and dark back and, when seen sitting in bright sunlight, their startlingly pink feet.

Bar-shouldered Dove out on a limb; here one can see the strong colour contrast of light front vs. dark back that makes this type of dove discernible from others at a glance
[Deriah Aboriginal Area, NSW, January 2009]

Frontal view of a Bar-shouldered Dove; note the bright pink feet
[Eulah Creek, NSW, October 2011]

Race "inexpectata"

Frontal view of a Bar-shouldered Dove
[Darwin, NT, August 2014]

Frontal view of a Bar-shouldered Dove, here looking sideways
[Darwin, NT, August 2014]

Lateral view of a Bar-shouldered Dove
[Darwin, NT, August 2014]

Lateral view of a pair of Bar-shouldered Doves (photo courtesy of J. Greaves)
[Broome Bird Observatory, Broome, WA, April 2015]

Breeding information

Breeding season: Jan - Dec Eggs: 2 Incubation period: 14 - 16 days Fledging age: ca. 21 days

Depending on geographic latitude and weather conditions, Bar-shouldered Doves can breed at any time of the year. In the south-eastern part of the Australian continent they breed primarily from November to January, in the tropical north from April to July. Like most other doves and pigeons, they can have more than one clutch per year.

Nest building: Female & male Incubation: Female & male Dependent care: Female & male

Nest

"bungobittah", "malunna" = nest [Aboriginal]

Type: Shallow basket Material: Sticks, twigs Height above ground: 1 - 4 m

The nest shown below was found ontop of a dead branch that had fallen from a tree onto scrubby undergrowth, where it had lodged itself into branches about 2 m above the ground.

Level view of a well-camouflaged Bar-shouldered Dove nest
[Mt. Kaputar NP, NSW, April 2013]

View from above into a Bar-shouldered Dove nest, with a hatchling that is just 2-3 hours old and one remaining egg
[Mt. Kaputar NP, NSW, April 2013]

Two days later - in the parents' absence - this photo was obtained, showing that the second chick had also hatched
[Mt. Kaputar NP, NSW, April 2013]

Eggs

"boyanga", "booyanga", "derinya", "dirandil", "koomura", "ngampu", "nooluk", "pateena" = Egg; "dirundirri" = eggs [Aboriginal]; "gawu" = eggs [gamilaraay]

Size: 28 x 21 mm Colour: Shiny white Shape: Oval

Close-up view of a Bar-shouldered Dove hatchling that is just 2-3 hours old and an egg
[Mt. Kaputar NP, NSW, April 2013]

Behaviour

Social behaviour: Communal Mobility: Sedentary/dispersive Elementary unit: Pair

The nest shown in the photos above would have gone unnoticed by us, if mum had not found it necessary to lure the photograher, who - unwittingly - was still about 5 m distant and moving in the wrong direction, away from its nest.

Bar-shouldered Dove using the "broken wing" decoy to distract an intruder
[Mt. Kaputar NP, NSW, April 2013]

Like all other doves and pigeons, Bar-shouldered Doves have the habit of lifting their wings for evaporative cooling.

Bar-shouldered Doves taking a shower under a garden sprinkler (photo courtesy of R. Druce)
[Maules Creek, NSW, March 2013]

We have noticed that in the tropical North of the Australian continent Bar-shouldered Doves hang out a lot more with Peaceful Doves than in the SE of the continent.

Bar-shouldered Doves foraging together with Peaceful Doves
[Darwin, NT, August 2014]

Food, Diet

Adults: Seeds Dependents: Regurgitated seeds Water intake: Daily

All pigeons and doves are strictly vegetarian. Bar-shouldered Doves are seed-eaters.

Call(s)/Song

For this species we have recorded the following call(s)/song. The interpretation of their meaning is our own; comments and suggestions for improvement are welcome.

bardove_20140419.mp3 humeralis
(NW NSW)
Contact call (slow) © MD
bardove_20140212.mp3 humeralis
(NW NSW)
Contact call (slow) © MD
bardove_20140212_3.mp3 humeralis
(NW NSW)
Contact call (medium) © MD
bardove_20140212_4.mp3 humeralis
(NW NSW)
Contact call (quick) © MD
bardove_20140515.mp3 humeralis
(NW NSW)
Contact calls © MD
bardove_20160505.mp3 humeralis
(NW NSW)
Contact calls
(long sequence)
© MD
bardove_20151118.mp3 humeralis
(NW NSW)
Male wooing female © MD
bardove_art_20131217.mp3 humeralis
(SE QLD)
Male calling female? © ART
bardove_20140313.mp3 humeralis
(NW NSW)
Male calling female? © MD
bardove_20141127.mp3 humeralis
(NW NSW)
Warning call (human) © MD
 
bardove_20140817.mp3 inexpectata
(Darwin, NT)
Contact call © MD
bardove_20140818.mp3 inexpectata
(Darwin, NT)
Reply? © MD
bardove_20140816_2.mp3 inexpectata
(Darwin, NT)
(Modified?) contact call © MD

These pages are largely based on our own observations and those of our contributors. The structure of these bird pages is explained HERE. For more salient facts on any bird species please refer to a field guide.

Would you like to contribute photos or sound recordings to this site?
If interested, please CLICK HERE. Credits to contributors are given HERE.