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24

Gouldian Finch

(Erythrura gouldiae)
Alternate name(s): "Purple-breasted Finch", "Painted Finch*"
Size: 13-14 cm
Weight: 12-16 g
Description     Classification     Distribution     Sightings     Photos     Breeding     Nest     Eggs     Behaviour     Food     Call/s

Physical description

Click here for a physical description

Taxonomy, classification

See Gouldian Finch at Wikipedia .

Range, habitat, finding this species

Click here for information on habitat and range

Sightings

Click here for sighting information

Photos

Red morphology

ADULT

MALE

Lateral view of a red-faced male Gouldian Finch foraging on the ground (photo courtesy of B. Hensen)
[Marrakai track, NT, July 2018]

Lateral view of a red-faced male Gouldian Finch; note the radiant colours (photo courtesy of P. Brown)
[Tumbling Waters, near Darwin, NT, September 2019]

Small group of Gouldian Finches, both black-headed and red-headed morphologies, with three immature birds at the left and back (photo courtesy of B. Hensen)
[Marrakai track, NT, August 2012]

FEMALE

Frontal view of a red-headed female Gouldian Finch with reduced colour in the face (photo courtesy of P. Brown)
[Tumbling Waters, near Darwin, NT, September 2019]

Near-frontal/ventral view of a female Gouldian Finch; the pale-mauve chest and the reduced red on the face characterize this bird as a female - note also the two long, wire-like inner tail feathers that are typical of Gouldian Finches
(photo courtesy of P. Brown)
[Tumbling Waters, near Darwin, NT, September 2019]

Near-frontal view of a female Gouldian Finch (photo courtesy of P. Brown)
[Nackeroo Lookout Road, Timber Creek, NT, November 2018]

Near-lateral view of a female Gouldian Finch (photo courtesy of P. Brown)
[Nackeroo Lookout Road, Timber Creek, NT, November 2018]

Near-lateral view of a red-headed female Gouldian Finch with reduced colour in the face (photo courtesy of P. Brown)
[Tumbling Waters, near Darwin, NT, September 2019]

Frontal view of a red-headed female Gouldian Finch with reduced colour in the face (photo courtesy of P. Brown)
[Tumbling Waters, near Darwin, NT, September 2019]

Sex unknown

Mixed flock of Gouldian Finches and Budgerigars in flight (photo courtesy of B. Hensen)
[Top End, NT, July 2018]

Black morphology

ADULT

MALE

Near-lateral view of a black-headed male Gouldian Finch; click on photo to see, for comparison, a juvenile Chestnut-breasted Mannikin (photo courtesy of P. Brown)
[Buffalo Creek Road, Darwin, NT, August 2019]

Near-lateral/ventral view of a male Gouldian Finch (photo courtesy of P. Brown)
[Tumbling Waters, near Darwin, NT, September 2019]

Pair of black-headed Gouldian Finches, male on the right (photo courtesy of B. Hensen)
[Marrakai track, NT, July 2018]

FEMALE

Frontal view of a black-faced female Gouldian Finch; note the muted colours compared to the males shown above
(photo courtesy of P. Brown)
[Buchanan Highway, NT, November 2018]

Frontal view of a black-faced female Gouldian Finch (photo courtesy of P. Brown)
[Buchanan Highway, NT, November 2018]

Lateral view of a female Gouldian Finch (photo courtesy of P. Brown)
[Tumbling Waters, near Darwin, NT, September 2019]

Near-dorsal view of a black-headed female Gouldian Finch; note the paucity of blue around the black mask
(photo courtesy of P. Brown)
[Buffalo Creek Road, Darwin, NT, August 2019]

Near-dorsal view of a black-headed female Gouldian Finch, slightly different stance (photo courtesy of P. Brown)
[Buffalo Creek Road, Darwin, NT, August 2019]

Small group (possibly family) of Gouldian Finches, with a red-headed male, a black-headed female and two immature birds (photo courtesy of B. Hensen)
[Marrakai track, NT, August 2012]

Comparison of a female Gouldian Finch with a Masked Finch (photo courtesy of P. Brown)
[Buchanan Highway, NT, November 2018]

Comparison of a female Gouldian Finch with a Masked Finch (photo courtesy of P. Brown)
[Buchanan Highway, NT, November 2018]

IMMATURE/JUVENILE

Lateral view of an immature Gouldian Finch; the bill is still dark and the colours are dull, but the black facial mask has already developed (photo courtesy of P. Brown)
[Tumbling Waters, near Darwin, NT, September 2019]

Near-frontal view of two immature Gouldian Finches; note the light-blue spots near the gape (photo courtesy of B. Hensen)
[Marrakai track, NT, July 2018]

Frontal view of a juvenile Gouldian Finch (photo courtesy of B. Hensen)
[Marrakai track, NT, August 2013]

Lateral view of a juvenile Gouldian Finch (photo courtesy of P. Brown)
[Tumbling Waters, near Darwin, NT, September 2019]

Lateral view of a juvenile Gouldian Finch (photo courtesy of B. Hensen)
[Marrakai track, NT, July 2018]

Adult male Gouldian Finch, left, with a dependent juvenile that was begging for food (photo courtesy of B. Hensen)
[Marrakai track, NT, July 2018]

Pair of black-headed Gouldian Finches being joined by two juveniles (photo courtesy of B. Hensen)
[Marrakai track, NT, July 2018]

Small group of Gouldian Finches, both black-headed and red-headed morphologies, with three immature birds at the left and back (photo courtesy of B. Hensen)
[Marrakai track, NT, August 2012]

Juvenile Gouldian Finches that have joined a Chestnut-breasted Mannikin rookery (photo courtesy of P. Brown)
[Buffalo Creek Road, Darwin, NT, August 2019]

Juvenile Gouldian Finch, far left, and black-headed adult, far right, in a Chestnut-breasted Mannikin rookery
(photo courtesy of P. Brown)
[Buffalo Creek Road, Darwin, NT, August 2019]

Behaviour

Like all species of finches known to us, Gouldian Finches are gregarious.

Flock of Gouldian Finches feeding on a vacant caravan spot (photo courtesy of P. Brown)
[Tumbling Waters, near Darwin, NT, September 2019]

Like all species of finches known to us, Gouldian Finches like to bathe.

Female Gouldian Finch taking a bath together with Masked Finches (photo courtesy of P. Brown)
[Nackeroo Lookout Road, Timber Creek, NT, November 2018]

Food, Diet

Adults: Seeds Dependents: Regurgitated seeds Water intake: Daily

Like all other finches known to us, Gouldian Finches feed on seeds.

Lateral view of a male Gouldian Finch feeding on seeds (photo courtesy of B. Hensen)
[Marrakai track, NT, July 2018]

Gouldian Finch feeding on grass seeds (photo courtesy of P. Brown)
[Tumbling Waters, near Darwin, NT, September 2019]

Frontal view of a juvenile Gouldian Finch feeding on grass seeds (photo courtesy of P. Brown)
[Tumbling Waters, near Darwin, NT, September 2019]

Gouldian Finches foraging on the ground (photo courtesy of P. Brown)
[Tumbling Waters, near Darwin, NT, September 2019]

Gouldian Finches foraging on the ground (photo courtesy of P. Brown)
[Tumbling Waters, near Darwin, NT, September 2019]

These pages are largely based on our own observations and those of our contributors. The structure of these bird pages is explained HERE. For more salient facts on any bird species please refer to a field guide.

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